PROMISING PRACTICES FOR PANDEMIC PLANNING Toolkit provides guidance on home care for the sick

first_img Instructions on using thermometers, isolating the sick, making disinfectant with bleach, and cleaning potentially contaminated areas Burroughs said the county doesn’t have the capabilities to translate the guide into the eight other languages they make available in the county. She added that the county intends to make additional modifications to the toolkit to make it more accessible for various populations. Assessing the toolkitThe kit is mainly available through the county’s Web site. Burroughs said that, because of limited resources, dissemination to all households in the county has not been possible. During an influenza pandemic, the county plans to distribute the toolkit when quarantine and isolation plans are handed out and to also send messages through the media on how people can download the kit. Rachel Abbey and Betsy Burroughs of the county’s Advanced Practice Center (APC) for Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Response compiled the toolkit and said the idea developed following suggestions from other public health officials about the necessity for home care guidelines. The creators sought public input through focus groups, which Abbey said was very useful in creating the final product. Editor’s Note: CIDRAP’s Promising Practices: Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Tools online database showcases peer-reviewed practices, including useful tools to help others with their planning. This article is one of a biweekly series exploring the development of these practices. We hope that describing the process and context of these practices enhances pandemic planning. Jan 2, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – As healthcare facilities become overwhelmed during pandemic influenza, many of the sick may have to receive care elsewhere, including at home. The “Stay at Home Toolkit for Influenza,” developed by health officials in Maryland’s Montgomery County, offers the public practical guidelines on how to nurse ill household members. The simple guide, from the Montgomery County Department of Health and Human Services Public Health Services, highlights prevention and caregiving with outlines on what people should or should not do when assisting those sick with the flu. Despite the toolkit’s simplicity, it doesn’t skimp on necessary details and is medically accurate, Abbey said. “It’s still very comprehensive on specifics on what to do.” The county has developed other tools to help the public prepare. Aside from a pandemic flu Web site, www.montgomerycountymd.gov/pandemicflu, staff members have made presentations on preparedness at community forums and events about pandemic influenza. In addition, the county has launched a bus ad campaign encouraging hand washing and cough etiquette specific to seasonal influenza. User-friendly informationThe home care influenza toolkit includes: “If you were bereft of information, you could turn to this,” Burroughs added. Abbey and Burroughs said they solicited expert feedback from nurses and other healthcare workers while creating the content areas for the toolkit, which also uses public health information from various sources, including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US Department of Health and Human Services, and Public Health – Seattle & King County, among others. Items to keep on hand for pets for disaster preparedness “It’s a useful tool for other localities and hopefully other populations,” she said. “We might provide a more simplified version in the future that is more streamlined,” she said. “During a pandemic, in order to deal with surge, we would need residents to take care of sick people,” said Abbey, a program specialist at the APC. “We just don’t know how it’s going to be utilized,” noted Abbey.center_img While the guide was born out of concerns about pandemic flu, its creators say it is applicable for caregiving during regular flu season as well. Prevention tips are especially essential, because each infected person is expected to transmit infection to two other people, according to the US government’s planning Web site (http://www.flu.gov/). See also: There is little medical jargon in the user-friendly toolkit. For example, when advising people to wash hands for 20 seconds after coming in contact with a sick person, the guide recommends singing “Happy Birthday” twice to keep time. Burroughs said the toolkit has been generally well received. Guidelines for those returning to work after recovering from flu Montgomery County has the highest population in the state of Maryland, with nearly a million people. A “medium-level” pandemic could cause almost a quarter of a million illnesses in the county, with 133, 235 requiring outpatient care and 2,742 hospitalizations, while a severe pandemic could infect almost 300,000 residents, according to county statistics. Of these, about 160,000 would need outpatient care and 3,290 would require hospitalization. In addition, the plan in its current state cannot be used by everyone. It will be impossible to evaluate the toolkit’s strengths and weaknesses until a pandemic actually occurs, Abbey and Burroughs said. “It doesn’t address specific populations that we serve, and we recognize that,” Abbey said, pointing out, for instance, that despite its simplicity, the toolkit might still pose a barrier for those with limited English proficiency. According to 2000 census data, 31.6% of Montgomery County’s population speaks a language other than English at home. Determining the needAccording to federal estimates based on past pandemics, as many as 90 million people nationwide could become infected in either a moderate or a severe pandemic. At least 45 million will require outpatient care in either scenario; during a severe pandemic, 9.9 million may need hospitalization. Demand is expected to outpace hospital capacity, forcing people to rely on alternate care sites, including homes. Tips on how to recognize flu signs and symptoms View tools and reviewers’ comments for the “Stay at Home Toolkit for Influenza” practicehttp://www.publichealthpractices.org/practice/stay-home-toolkit-influenza-md A personal care log to help caregivers track observations and actions Checklists on what to keep in the home “It’s really basic information,” said Burroughs, a communication specialist at the APC. “We actually had a consultant to tame the language to make it more understandable. I think this goes a long way in how it is received.”last_img read more

Indomaret retail workers start online petition after THR is slashed

first_imgIndomarco Prismatama managing director Wiwiek Yusuf told The Jakarta Post on Friday that the company had paid the holiday bonuses in accordance with government regulations.”I think there has been a misunderstanding. The company paid out the THR bonuses to all of our employees on May 11 as regulated in Law No. 13/2003 on labor and ministerial regulation No. 6/2016 on Idul Fitri holiday bonuses for employees and workers,” Yusuf said via text.”We paid the THR bonuses as we’re committed to our employees, despite the difficult financial situation that we are facing, including a sharp drop in business over the past two months,” he added.Yusuf explained that since the government implemented the PSBB to curb the spread of COVID-19, the company had cut operational hours in its minimarkets.”We have shortened our minimarkets’ operational hours due to the PSBB. I think economic activities in all sectors are decreasing [during this pandemic].“Everybody needs to understand this. The management has asked all employees to stay positive and productive in their jobs,” he said.Topics : Employees of Indomaret, one of the country’s top convenience store chains, have started an online petition demanding the company pay their Idul Fitri holiday bonuses (THR) in full.The workers initiated the petition after the company slashed their annual bonuses after the business was hit by the COVID-19 pandemic.”Employees who have worked for more than five years usually received THR bonuses equivalent to 1.5 to twice their monthly salary. However, now all employees have only received bonuses equivalent to one month’s salary,” the petition said. “The company claims it has experienced losses [because of the pandemic], but representatives told the media that its sales rose between 7 and 10 percent after the government implemented the large-scale social restrictions [PSBB],” it added.”[We] demand that PT Indomarco Prismatama as the operator of Indomaret minimarkets pays our THR bonuses in the regular amount […] to lift our spirits during this difficult time.”As of Friday, some 20,000 people had signed the petition.Read also: COVID-19 forces restaurants, retailers to cut wages, furlough employeeslast_img read more

Other Sports Lewis Hamilton Aims To Seal Sixth Formula One Title In Singapore Grand Prix

first_img For all the Latest Sports News News, Other Sports News, Download News Nation Android and iOS Mobile Apps. Singapore: Lewis Hamilton aims to turn up the heat in his bid for a sixth Formula One championship at this weekend’s Singapore Grand Prix. The Mercedes driver heads into Sunday’s race with a 63-point lead over teammate Valtteri Bottas. As with last year’s race, drivers can expect sweltering heat and humidity. In addition to the heat, a thick haze has set in over the city-state with advisories issued from the national government over “unhealthy” air conditions. Hamilton will be hoping for a repeat of the 2018 race here when he won comfortably from pole position to extend his championship lead. He was on a major roll entering last year’s GP, having won four of the past five races.While he already has eight wins this season, the British driver last won at the Hungarian GP in early August. “The offset schedule and the climate make it a demanding weekend for the team,” Mercedes team principal Toto Wolff said of the night race. “Temperatures in the garage can easily reach 40 degrees Celsius (104 F) or more with high humidity levels as well. It’s a tough environment to work in and it’s equally challenging for the drivers and the car itself.” Hamilton has won here the last two years. A win on Sunday would move him a step closer to his third straight championship and sixth overall, moving him just one away from equaling Michael Schumacher’s all-time record of seven titles. Ferrari driver Charles Leclerc heads into Singapore having won the previous two races this season. After his first-ever F1 victory in Spa at the Belgian GP, the 21-year-old Leclerc became the first Ferrari driver to win the Italian GP since Fernando Alonso in 2010.Also Read | Charles Leclerc Wins Maiden F1 Race In Spa, Dedicates It To His Late Friend Anthoine HubertLeclerc, who is now fourth in the standings, finished ninth for Sauber here last year. “Singapore is maybe the toughest track for us drivers physically, just because of the heat and the humidity,” Leclerc said. “After two positive weekends in Belgium and Italy, the race in Singapore doesn’t look as good on paper for us, because of the very different circuit layout, featuring lots of slow corners and fewer straights … but we will give our all to have a good result.”Also Read | Mercedes boss rages at ‘poor preparation’ after Lewis Hamilton, Valtteri Bottas fail to score pointsThe 5-kilometer (3.1-mile) Marina Bay Street circuit is one of the hardest tracks for overtaking in F1, so whoever takes pole on Saturday will have the upper hand. The driver leading the field has won eight times in the past 10 years. Max Verstappen, third in the drivers’ standings, has been on the front row at Marina Bay the past two years while Bottas has never started in the top three. Ferrari’s Sebastian Vettel and Hamilton are the only two drivers on the grid with victories at Singapore with four wins each. But Vettel, whose contract ends in 2020, is now 22 races without a win. He has dropped down to fifth in the championship, 115 points behind Hamilton. “We have seen before that anything can happen in this race, so the final result is hard to predict,” Vettel said. “Off the track, there will also be a lot of pressure on the teams as this race is back to back with Russia.”last_img read more