The fall in deaths from hepatitis C related advanced liver disease in the last year suggests that more people are accessing new, potentially curative treatments and shows we’re making positives steps towards reaching our overall goal of elimination of hepatitis C as a major public health threat. However, more needs to be done. We are urging anyone who has ever injected drugs, even once or a long time ago, had a tattoo or medical treatment overseas where proper hygiene procedures may not have been followed, or has had a blood transfusion before hepatitis C screening was in place, to get tested at their GP, community drug services or sexual health clinic. It could save your life. Hepatitis C can be treated with medicines that stop the virus multiplying inside the body. These usually need to be taken for several weeks. Until a few years ago, most people would have taken 2 main medications called pegylated interferon (a weekly injection) and ribavirin (a capsule or tablet). Tablet-only treatments known as direct acting antivirals which have a short duration and fewer side effects are now available. Using these latest medications, more than 90% of people with hepatitis C may be cured. If untreated, infection with the hepatitis C virus can lead to liver damage, cancer and even death. It is normally spread through blood-to-blood contact by sharing needles, but even sharing razors or toothbrushes with an infected person could pass the virus on.The disease often has no symptoms until it causes serious complications many years later. Urgent testing and prompt treatment is needed in order to ensure infected people don’t suffer from serious health complications in the future.If people aren’t sure about whether they are at risk, they can take a short quiz on the Hepatitis C Trust website to find out if they should get tested.Background New data published by Public Health England (PHE) show that deaths from hepatitis C-related end-stage liver disease have fallen by 11% in 2017 compared to the previous year.A fall has been sustained in 2017 after a continued rise in deaths over the last decade. This fall is most likely due to increased use of new antiviral medications now available on the NHS which have the potential to cure the condition in most cases and have fewer side effects than previously used medications.More people are accessing treatment than ever before with an increase of 19% on the previous year and of 125% when compared to pre-2015 levels.The new data also shows there was still an average of 1,974 new end-stage liver disease and cancer diagnoses per year, with the rate remaining stable between 2011 to 2015.In the UK, around 200,000 people have a long-term infection with hepatitis C virus. People who have ever injected drugs are most at risk of infection, but around half of people living with hepatitis C are unaware of their infection.PHE is urging anyone who has previously been diagnosed with hepatitis C or who has engaged in activities that may have put them at risk to get tested as they can benefit from this potentially curative treatment.Two years ago, the UK government committed to a joint ambition with 193 other countries to eliminate the disease as a public health threat by 2030. As well as testing and treatment, prevention through needle and syringe exchange services and opiate substitution therapies need to be sustained to achieve and maintain elimination.Dr Sema Mandal, Consultant Epidemiologist at PHE, said: PHE’s hepatitis C Operational Delivery Network (ODN) profile tool provides estimates of hepatitis C prevalence, diagnoses, treatment and severe hepatitis C-related liver disease at local level to help with local planning and delivery of awareness-raising, testing and diagnosis and treatment services. The introduction of widespread needle exchange programmes in the 1980s and 1990s, which provided sterile injecting equipment and opiate substitution therapies, helped to reduce the number of drug-related deaths and blood-borne virus infections. The sustained investment in these services since then has resulted in the UK having one of the lowest rates of hepatitis C among injecting drugs users in the world – but these services must continue for lower hepatitis C rates to be realised.
However, he did warn that “over the next few weeks, markets are going to struggle for direction while the debate over easing lockdown restrictions continues. Fundamentally, investors are caught in the same pickle as governments who have to balance the economic risks with the chances of the second round of infections”.Eyes on Fed, US dataHong Kong and Shanghai rose 0.7 percent each, while Sydney, Seoul and Taipei were all up more than one percent.Manila, Jakarta and Singapore were also in positive territory, though Wellington was hit by profit-taking following a more than three percent surge Tuesday.Tokyo was closed for a public holiday.Investor attention is now on the release later in the day of US growth data, which is expected to show the world’s top economy contracted in the first three months of the year.Also, the Federal Reserve will end its latest policy meeting, with traders looking to see if it has any more words of comfort for markets after pledging financial backstops to banks, businesses and local and state governments. The Fed has also embarked on a massive bond-buying scheme, essentially allowing the government to print money.”While there is a minority view that the Fed will offer some firmer guidance of the future pattern of… bond purchases, the consensus view is that there will be no new policy initiatives out of this meeting,” said Ray Attrill of National Australia Bank.The crude market’s rollercoaster ride saw US benchmark WTI surge more than 15 percent, boosted by bargain-buying, though there are few expectations for a sustained recovery with storage facilities close to bursting and demand all but wiped out at the moment.And analysts said massive production cuts agreed by top producers earlier this month were not likely to show any benefits for a few weeks, meaning prices will likely continue to fluctuate for some time.Topics : Asian markets rose again Wednesday, buoyed by a further easing of coronavirus lockdown measures, though the advances remain capped by concern that the reopenings could spark a second wave of infections.Traders brushed off more data showing the gaping hole being blown in the global economy that is also seeing companies either pull their earnings reports or provide grave forward guidance as demand is battered.Equity markets have broadly moved into a bull market, having bounced more than 20 percent from their March lows, thanks to multi-trillion-dollar stimulus from governments and pledges of extra support from central banks. Adding to the relatively upbeat mood is news that countries are beginning to slowly re-emerge from the crisis.As sunseekers flocked to beaches in Australia and New Zealanders ate from reopened takeaways, French Prime Minister Edouard Philippe said Tuesday that shops could reopen on May 11, following an easing up in Italy, Germany, Spain and parts of the United States.The moves come as the rate of infections shows a general pattern of slowing, following a weeks-long shutdown.”The whole idea of returning to work has aroused the fancy of many an investor. And while no one expects the global economy to immediately time shift back to January 2020, market reopenings are positive,” said Stephen Innes of AxiCorp.
It has long been simply a matter of when rather than if United would clinch a 20th top-flight title, which made the moment itself less hard to take for the City boss. The Italian said: “It was over three, four, five games ago, not mathematically but it was over. They deserve to win this title, many congratulations to Manchester United for the work they did this season. “They did better than us, they won a lot of games in a row, it was really difficult. We should be also realistic. If there is one team that did better than you, you can do nothing.” City’s defeat by Tottenham last weekend gave Manchester United the chance to reclaim the trophy against Aston Villa on Monday, and they coasted to a 3-0 win. Mancini said: “It doesn’t change this. They deserve to win this title because they won a lot of games in a row. The crucial moment was when we played QPR, Liverpool, Southampton. That moment we had big problems with our players injured. We lost key points. United have more attitude than us, as a club, as a team.” Roberto Mancini insists his confidence has not been knocked by seeing Manchester City lose their Premier League title with five games left to play. Press Association
“I think I’ve always loved Kyrie, from before I met him, until when I became his teammate, to even now,” James said Saturday during his All-Star weekend media availability. “So the phone call, more than for me, I think just to see his growth … It takes a real man and a real person — and a real person to understand who they are — to be able to call, or to do anything and be able to see their wrongdoings or believe they have some wrongdoings. “And then be able to come to grips with that and then be able to either apologize or say that, ‘At that point and time, I thought I was ready for something, but I really wasn’t.’ I love Kyrie. I love everything about Kyrie.”LeBron James on his phone call from Kyrie Irving: It takes a real man to come to grips with what happened and apologize or say that, “‘At that point in time, I thought I was ready for something, but I really wasn’t.’” pic.twitter.com/2Q74TOm8t2— Kyle Goon (@kylegoon) February 16, 2019Amid frustration with the Celtics’ youth, Irving revealed last month that he called James to apologize for “being that young player that wanted everything at his fingertips” when the two were teammates for the Cavaliers for three seasons. The call came after Irving was critical about some of his current teammates, saying, “The young guys don’t know what it takes to be a championship level team.”Irving, on the other hand, wasn’t as willing to talk about his relationship with the Lakers star. When the topic came up, Irving simply said, “That’s none of your business.”Kyrie when asked about the nature of his relationship with LeBron“That’s none of your business.”Next question. #NBAAllStarMediaDay pic.twitter.com/nD7YAjXb3i— Karisa Maxwell (@KarisaMaxwell) February 16, 2019 LeBron James was candid on his relationship with Celtics star Kyrie Irving after the two made headlines earlier this season following the Celtics guard’s apology phone call.James explained he has “always love(d) Kyrie” and that he saw a lot of “growth” in the 26-year-old to be able to make a phone call like he did.
https://images.daznservices.com/di/library/sporting_news/91/14/francis-alonso-spain-fiba_1bfobg32ynopu16qb6buuuglif.jpg?t=1313144130&w=500&quality=80 Later he would enrol in the prestigious university of UCLA, even though he did not receive a scholarship as Saiz did. Adrià attended practice sessions with the NCAA team, but eventually he returned to Spain, where he had found opportunities with teams in lower divisions. After a couple seasons in which he barely got minutes, he decided to hang up his basketball sneakers so that he could focus on his studies in Business Management.If we continue with those illustrious surnames and stories that flow in diverse ways, we find another parallel in Domantas Sabonis. The son of the Lithuanian legend decided to leave Unicaja de Málaga’s team for US university competition. He did it at a time when he was just starting to get minutes and a more important role in the first team – quite a risky bet.Sebas, Adrià and Domas have followed different paths. If we have chosen these three examples it has been, precisely, because they illustrate the three possible outcomes of emigrating to the NCAA as a Spanish (or European) player. Sabonis was selected in the Draft and he is now in the NBA making his case for the Most Improved Player and 6th Man awards each year. Sebas, instead, was not selected, but he managed to come back to his home country and to start his career in the ACB. As a counterpoint, Adrià was put in a position where he decided to end his professional career as a basketball player. https://images.daznservices.com/di/library/sporting_news/58/bb/domantas-sabonis-lithuania-fiba_10xyowpa4ts9m18lfjjcavxody.jpg?t=1313264002&w=500&quality=80 https://images.daznservices.com/di/library/sporting_news/a9/a/young-marc-gasol_1laftrwsy53fcz2gplmscbkmc.jpg?t=1313201082&w=500&quality=80 Many of them leave their studies and even their families and hometown in their moving towards other cities at an increasingly earlier age. They leave everything behind with that dim aim of living off the sport they love, without really knowing whether they will succeed. In the US, atleast, they go on with their academic training. Of course the university league is not the solution, but rather a patch, a way of escape which must force Spanish basketball to reflect on its training scheme. The medals achieved every summer will silence the debate, but the brain-drain towards the US is the first symptom. In this article we present some of the cases.THREE CROSSED STORIES: GASOL, SABONIS, SAIZWe could hardly find three more distinguished surnames. Sebas Saiz’s story reminds us of Adrià Gasol, the youngest of the three brothers. Adrià emigrated to study in Lausanne Collegiate High School when Pau still played in Memphis. High performance sports rarely allow for a balance between the time and dedication they require versus the demands of higher level education. In most cases, athletes are forced to choose and it’s only years later, when they are already settled down in elite sporting company, that they pick the books up again. The intensity of practice sessions and a life dedicated to fight for the dream of living off their passion has a high cost in terms of opportunities: it essentially obliges young athletes to sign a lifelong mortgage.Spanish education is no better in providing a conciliation between the life of an athlete and student life. The system is based on putting endless hours in classrooms, only to sit down for even more and memorize information like a robot. In Spain, where it is already difficult to work and study and at the same time, there are not enough hours in a day to study and attempt to become a professional in any sport at the same time. It’s not a metaphor: it’s literal. Among those young Spanish projects we find the previously mentioned Sebas, and also Francis Alonso, who will graduate this year at North Carolina-Greensboro. Both of them are seeking to follow Vidaurreta’s path in breaking that invisible barrier in Spanish men’s basketball. And we need to explain that it is “men’s” basketball, because women’s basketball is quite a different case, and it deserves to be dealt with independently to give the attention it deserves.But why has the NCAA become more attractive to young Spaniards? Why is it becoming a more pronounced tendency? Firstly, many players receive scholarships and, even in the case of not becoming professionals, at least they will come out with a diploma under their hand and an alternative future assured for them. That is the key to understand this exodus. Spanish professional sports demand young talents to leave everything for their hoop dreams – to jump into the void without even making sure they have a parachute. This is one of the factors that have resulted into the current brain drain in Spanish sports towards the US, a phenomenon that does not only occur in basketball. The economic crisis, the cuts in public education, the lack of scholarships and the impossibility of reconciling academic and athletic careers have forced athletes to look for alternative options. This is also where American universities have excelled in expanding their networks and in scouting foreign athletes.This 2018-2019 season there was 10 male and 69 female athletes from Spain in NCAA division 1, a trend that seems to grow every year as more Spanish players move overseas to US universities. Now, how many of them will make it to professional basketball? Sebas Saiz has been the first player to reach the Liga Endesa after playing in the NCAA since Rafa Vidaurreta (2001). 16 years have passed since then. In those years, Pau Gasol made it to the NBA, Spain won the FIBA Basketball World Cup and two silver Olympic medals, and the national team is already looking to a new generation of players. Regardless of their future, the three of them share an experience that goes beyond the sporting dimension. Other players had undertaken the same path in the past, but none had reached the level of media attention that they had during their years in the NCAA.RAFA VIDAURRETA, THE FIRST GENERATIONThe first example in men’s basketball is found in 2001 – Rafa Vidaurreta. His case is, most likely, the closest to Sebas Saiz’s. Vidaurreta left for New Hampton School in 1995 – when Sebas was only one year old – in an attempt to win a scholarship for an American university.He would achieve it in 1997 with Wake Forest. This was a team praised at the time for its star player – Tim Duncan. Unfortunately, Vidaurreta never got to play with Duncan, since that was also the year he was selected by the San Antonio Spurs. As with Rafa, Saiz also attended an American High School, the Sunrise Christian Academy, before winning his scholarship to Mississippi State.They are both centers, they completed their full academic cycle, and upon their return to Spain they signed up for Estudiantes. There are plenty of coincidences. However, their careers fork dramatically after their return to the club, Estudiantes. Vidaurreta played for Estudiantes in his first five seasons as a professional, while Saiz, despite the qualified offer from the club, never actually made his debut with them. Before that could happen, Real Madrid paid the 100.000 euros release clause and loaned him to San Pablo Burgos in 2017.Both truly constitute an anomaly in Spanish basketball. Saiz’s career is still waiting to be written. Vidaurreta’s one ended where it began, at Estudiantes, after some years lurching around the ACB league, hampered by multiple injuries.FROM JORGE BILBAO TO FRANCIS ALONSO: A NEW ERAUp to now we have left two other names unsaid so that we could analyse their cases in another section. They are Jorge Bilbao and Aitor Zubizarreta – both of which are Spaniards who at the moment have professional contracts with Legia (Poland) and Palencia (LEB Oro, Spain). Jorge Bilbao signed his first contract as a professional player with the Polish club; although a shoulder injury derailed his progression last season and has kept him standing still for the past few months. The Bilbao Basket club of his hometown grew interested in him during the summer, but the negotiations did not yield results.Aitor Zubizarreta, trained with the Portland Pilots, did sign up with Bilbao’s club, although he never made his debut. Zubizarreta only got to make use of the team’s jersey in the practice sessions. Bilbao Basket loaned him to their affiliated team in LEB Oro, the Iraurgi, although Zubizarreta combined sessions between both the first and the second team. This season, due to Bilbao Basket’s delicate economic situation, he broke off his contract with the club, but stayed at the LEB Oro, now signing for Palencia. In his new team he averages 6.6 points and 2.5 assists in 20 minutes.They are two dissimilar cases of players who returned to Europe to try to make themselves a place within the elite of basketball. Neither arrived with the cachet or talent of Sebas Saiz, but they are managing to settle themselves in a top level competition – which as we’ve seen is unpredictable for those who return from the NCAA.The last case is Francis Alonso. The Spanish SG averages 16.8 points, 2.1 rebounds, 2.6 assists and 1.1 steals with the UNCG Spartans. He’s also almost overtaken the all-time leading scorer of his university, CSKA’s center Kyle Hines (2,147 points).His case is similar to Sebas Saiz’s. Following the collective agreement of the Asociación de Balonestistas Profesionales’ (the Spanish Basketball Players Association, the ABP, given its initials in Spanish), the club where he was raised as a player before going to the US can present a qualified offer to secure their federative rights in Europe. This clause is commonly known in Spain as preferential rights. Estudiantes had Sebas’ rights – in the same way Unicaja has Alonso’s. This means that the Malaguenian club will present an offer for Francis and, if another teams wants to sign him up, will have to negotiate first with Unicaja. Of course, Alonso is not the only Spaniard to attract the attention of Spanish talent scouts. For the first time, when ACB clubs look at the US, they see beyond the NBA – a signal of something that is changing in the development of players. For years now, more and more NCAA talents who do not manage to find a position in the NBA are looking at Europe as they preferred destination.The tendency now is to repatriate those talents who emigrated because of the lack of opportunities in the first stages of their development as players. Pioneers such as Vidaurreta, Saiz or Sabonis demonstrated that emigrating does not necessarily penalize their careers: it is an alternative path worth considering. Now, players such as Francis Alonso will continue with their legacy as they persist in their will to open new frontiers for Spanish basketball.And what does this trend mean for the Spanish National Team? Having players exposed to wider styles of playing, strategies and experiences can only be a positive. From the contributions of Saiz to Spanish qualification to the FIBA Basketball World Cup, to those yet to be made by future players. As the national team increasingly looks to a new generation as its golden generation slips closer to the end, it will increasingly find players both domestically and abroad that not only have the experience of playing within the Spanish club setup, but have grown both personally and as players through their cultural experience. https://images.daznservices.com/di/library/sporting_news/43/79/pau-gasol-fiba-world-cup-mvp_p0br55ow341418qju2h15cl0m.jpg?t=1312932506&w=500&quality=80
Arcata >> It’s not lost on any opposing coach they face — the Arcata High School backcourt tandem of Vanessa Holland and Ashley Quigley are exceptionally good. The senior co-captains can shoot, drive and play defense as good as any in the North Coast Section.They are consummate team-leaders whose will and determination never waver. You want to beat them you better bring not just your A game, but your A-plus game. This season the duo has led the Tigers to their fifth-straight Humboldt-Del …
Green Building is Better Building, and Better Building is More Expensive.Learning curve certification and better construction details may come at a premium, but the cost will flatten out. The costs of not building green however, will keep going up.When I teach about green building, someone in the audience always asks the inevitable question: “How much does it cost?” After answering this question several gazillion times, I’ve realized that it boils down to three queries: 1. What does a green rating cost? 2. What’s the learning curve? 3. What will it cost to change the way I build?You pay for the rating, you get quality assuranceThe first question is the only one with a simple answer. A green rating will cost whatever price is charged by the rater. It’s usually a small fraction of the overall cost of the project and ranges from several hundred up to a few thousand dollars. This depends on type of home(s), location, timing, and the amount of technical support you need.What’s often overlooked is that most of the cost is for field verification. This is fundamentally a quality assurance activity—something that is all too frequently lacking in the home building industry. This is a good investment!Learning curves: change is inevitable—adapt or go belly-upThe second cost, while the hardest to predict accurately, can be addressed in a way that most businesspeople immediately grasp: organizations must absorb change routinely; this is simply the cost of staying in business. These ordinary learning-curve costs come from developing new supplier relationships, recruiting and training new personnel, investigating new products and technologies, grappling with new requirements or regulations, and other things. But these costs drop off quickly.What’s notable about the learning-curve costs is that it’s common to attribute them to the particular green building project. However, in reality if you undertake the learning curve it’s because you’ve decided that green building is a sound business direction and will benefit your future market position. These costs are no different from continuing education, updating marketing literature, or developing a new website.The bottom line depends on your shade of green The third cost can be quantified, but there’s no one-size-fits-all answer—it depends on where you start and where you want to be. Building practices exist on a spectrum, from bare-bones and barely-legal to net-zero-energy and beyond. Getting from point A to point B is relative.Consider a Hyundai producer who decides to convert the production line over to Honda. The products are generally comparable in size, weight, and look. However, the Honda is (arguably) more durable, better engineered, and more fuel efficient. The Honda also costs a fair amount more. If, however, you’re a Hummer producer and convert to Honda production, your prices won’t increase (they may actually go down), and you’ll incorporate dramatic performance improvements—at least from an environmental impact perspective.Similarly, builders of modest homes who upgrade to green may experience a cost increase. (However, they also may command a higher selling price or faster sales.) Builders of large homes may find opportunities to incorporate efficiencies without experiencing any significant cost increase. For example, a slight decrease in size combined with better up-front design may be a break-even proposition, or better windows and insulation may be offset by reductions in the size of the mechanical equipment. The premiums, when they exist, will disappear as energy prices head for the stratosphere and the value of green becomes more of a no-brainer.Green building is an investment, not a cost Answering this cost question requires that you identify exactly what green building practices or products you will use that differ from your status quo, and cost out those changes. This process means gathering detailed data from staff, consultants, and subcontractors and then value-engineering based on the outcomes. This type of analysis may be essential if you’re working for a production builder with stockholders to satisfy.In a smaller, more informal company, just understanding what changes you will need to make may be enough. Either way, you’ll need to understand where you are and where you want to be on the Hyundai-Honda-Hummer spectrum. And if you do decide to retool your product line, keep in mind that it may not be realistic to expect your product to cost the same, or to sell at the same price point. It’s no longer the same product; it’s a better one.—Ann V. Edminster is an architect and Principal of Design Avenues in Pacifica, California. She is also a GreenBuildingAdvisor at GreenBuildingAdvisor.com.
If you’ve been puzzled by the proliferation of “net,” “nearly” and “almost ready” zero-energy definitions and standards and have wondered just how net or nearly they truly are, take heart. The Passivhaus Institut (PHI) has introduced an equitable assessment of energy use to help guide us toward the 100% renewable energy future we must rapidly achieve.Inspired in part by the impressive leaps in the efficiencies of renewable energy generation, coupled with the urgency of meeting global climate change goals, PHI initiated a review of non-renewable energy use in buildings in 2013. It recognized their previous calculations for primary energy needed updating, especially as they favored the use of natural gas over electricity. (Primary energy accounts for all the source energy used by a building, including the amount of energy it takes to generate and transmit power to the building site.)PHI recognized that non-renewable forms of energy use by buildings needed to be rapidly phased out, so it devised a method to incentivize the use of renewable forms of energy in buildings. The research resulted in the overhaul of the existing Passive House “Classic” standard and the introduction of two new standards: Passive House Plus and Passive House Premium. Primary energy renewable factors and how they workAll of the new Passive House standards now calculate primary energy using Primary Energy Renewable (PER) factors. These are designed to encourage the use of renewable energy sources and create either incentives, or disincentives, for installing various types of mechanical equipment in Passive House buildings. For example, in San Francisco, using a heat pump water heater to produce hot water will result in lower primary energy requirement numbers than using a gas-fired tank water heater would, making it easier to meet the certification target. (A heat pump water heater has a PER factor of 1.25 versus the 1.75 factor for a gas-fired water heater.)PER factor calculations are based not only on fuel source, but also on site-specific load profiles calculated on an hourly basis. In this way, variations in regional utility grid source energy and typical time-of-day use profiles (which impact the availability of renewable energy to meet a utility’s load) for the local climate and region are factored into these calculations.As a result, the PER factors can vary from city to city in California (see image #4 below). For example, the electricity PER factor for heating demand via heat pumps is 1.80 in Sacramento. This relatively high PER factor incentivizes reducing heating demand in winter, when renewable energy supplies are low. In San Diego the comparable PER factor is set at 1.30, where the climate is milder and cooling is typically a greater peak load issue. Report from the Passive House Conference in MaineA Passivhaus Conference in Germany From Superinsulation to Passive House, With a Trip Across the PondRedefining PassivhausA Lesson From the Kranichstein Passive HousePassive House Video — Episode 1 Passivhaus Homes Are Extremely Tight and Energy-Efficient Bronwyn Barry is a Certified Passive House Designer and the co-president of the North American Passive House Network. This post was first published in Passive House Buildings: California’s Energy Future. Additional articles and California project examples are available in the free e-book and PDF here. Crediting renewable energy equitablyConventionally, calculations of net zero depend on the difference between a building’s annual energy demand and annual on-site renewable energy production. These calculations penalize tall buildings with small roof areas, buildings with no solar access, or buildings that opt to use their roof area for green space or as active living spaces.PHI took a major deviation from such traditional methods for crediting renewable energy supply to buildings, recognizing that all sites are not created equal in this regard (see image #2 below). PHI’s approach uses the following principles:1) Renewable offsets are calculated as a function of Projected Building Footprint (PBF) rather than total floor area. PBF is more proportional to available roof area than total floor area, which means multi-story buildings may achieve the Plus and Premium standards.2) Buildings with no solar access on site may purchase off-site renewable energy facilities to achieve Plus or Premium certification.3) PH “Classic” buildings with no on-site or off-site renewable energy supply are still optimized for efficiency first and a future grid supply of all renewable energy. Biofuels, micro-grids, and battery storageWhile biofuels are considered a renewable energy source, they carry a penalty for replacing food production. Burning biofuels also generates particulate matter that is both unhealthy and emits carbon. For these reasons, the use of biofuels is allowed, but has been capped.The most intriguing areas of innovation with regard to manifesting the 100% renewable energy future currently look to be in developing our capacity to store renewable energy (see image #5 below). We’re excited by the contributions being made right here in California to develop technologies that are contributing to our new energy future. Existing storage capacity from hydroelectric schemes is now being joined by a growing array of affordable short- and long-term battery storage options. Converting renewable energy into methane gas is another rapidly developing technology that could increase the viability of renewable energy by allowing us to store it for longer.Remarkably, these options are all currently supported by the Primary Energy Renewable calculations embedded in the Plus, Premium, and Passive House Classic standards. Indeed, the Classic standard at the heart of all of them remains the foundation that most equitably supports an all-renewable energy future. The Classic standard ensures that these buildings are optimized to become batteries themselves: They’ve been proven to retain an unprecedented level of thermal comfort while eliminating peak loads.This optimization ensures that even without the addition of active power, their passive capacity is what is literally doing the heavy lifting. These buildings enable occupants to survive in adequate comfort for very lengthy periods of time without any active energy inputs. This quality offers economic benefits to both the utilities and micro-grid designs of renewable energy storage systems that extend well beyond comfort. Just imagine what we could do with renewable energy if we didn’t need so much of it to simply operate buildings? The possibilities are boundless. RELATED ARTICLES
Discover a quick technique for giving your video footage a speed ramp in Adobe Premiere Pro.For the uninitiated, let’s get the basics out of the way first: speed ramping is the process of progressively speeding up or slowing down the frame rate in your video footage. This process can also sometimes just be called ‘ramping’. More often than not video editors will usually drop the footage in After Effects and complete the ramping process there. However Tunnelvizion has provided us with a great video tutorial on how to effectively create a speed ramp in Adobe Premiere Pro. Check it out:Now, lets explore some speed ramping examples from feature films. First up is The Matrix, one of the most famous speed ramping scenes in film history:In 2006, the film 300 took speed ramping to a whole new level. Here is the incredible slo-motion battle sequence:In 2011 we watched as Robert Downey Jr. fought Professor Moriarty in his mind. The use of speed ramping in this scene is well suited to the story: Speed ramping is now used in a slew of film projects, but unfortunately it’s often without motivation. If you use this technique in your own video projects be sure that it adds to the narrative of the story and is not used only as a gimmicky effect!