Discover a quick technique for giving your video footage a speed ramp in Adobe Premiere Pro.For the uninitiated, let’s get the basics out of the way first: speed ramping is the process of progressively speeding up or slowing down the frame rate in your video footage. This process can also sometimes just be called ‘ramping’. More often than not video editors will usually drop the footage in After Effects and complete the ramping process there. However Tunnelvizion has provided us with a great video tutorial on how to effectively create a speed ramp in Adobe Premiere Pro. Check it out:Now, lets explore some speed ramping examples from feature films. First up is The Matrix, one of the most famous speed ramping scenes in film history:In 2006, the film 300 took speed ramping to a whole new level. Here is the incredible slo-motion battle sequence:In 2011 we watched as Robert Downey Jr. fought Professor Moriarty in his mind. The use of speed ramping in this scene is well suited to the story: Speed ramping is now used in a slew of film projects, but unfortunately it’s often without motivation. If you use this technique in your own video projects be sure that it adds to the narrative of the story and is not used only as a gimmicky effect!
The waiter that was serving my family lunch in a nice New York City restaurant started chatting with us after dinner. He asked where we were from, and I told him that we were from Columbus, Ohio. That was close enough to Cleveland for my waiter to bring up politics, noting that the Republican convention is hosted in Cleveland this year.The waiter then said, “I hate Trump. He’s awful.” I told him that I don’t share my politics with many people, but that it was a safe bet that I wasn’t voting for any candidate whose name he would recognize. But he continued on, insisting that he share his politics with me.After sharing his political philosophies and his opinion on all the candidates, he said, “I just had to move because I couldn’t afford to live in the City. Rent is too high, and we are having a baby.” I congratulated him on the baby as he handed me the check. Then he said, “I am voting for Bernie Sanders. Minimum wage needs to be raised to $15.00 an hour.” I tipped him $36.00 for serving my family and me over the prior hour while he espoused his preferred candidate’s virtues. My wife looked over my shoulder to see what I tipped him, worrying that his decision to share his politics was going to negatively impact his tip (it didn’t). His beliefs do provide a lesson, however.Money MotivatedThe amount of money you make is determined by two things, your desire to make money and your ability to create value.Some people create very little value but desire money so much that they are willing to do almost anything to gain it, even though they create no real value. Doing whatever it takes and not creating any value normally only results in money if you are a criminal. Or if you work without having any skin in the game (see Nicholas Nassim Taleb for more on this idea).Some people create massive value for other people, and their desire for money is great enough that they make significant money—even though their desire is a mere fraction of the hunger of the aforementioned group of non-value creators who simply love and live for money.There are some value creators who should make more money but simply lack the desire. This is true even when there is a market for the value they create for others. Because they don’t want money, they don’t have money.It is possible to find a healthy balance between desire and value creation. How much money is enough is different for different people.What is unhealthy is a belief that the only way you can make more money is to expect some entity to require someone else to give you more money. The belief that you are entitled to more money without the willingness to create enough value to deserve it is “entitlement.”Believing you can’t make more money because you can’t create more value is a massively self-limiting belief. And it isn’t true, regardless of your politics.You are worth more money as soon as you decide that you are and as soon as you start creating greater value. This works for people of every political persuasion, including those of us without a political affiliation.
Be the person who nurtures relationships over time, playing the long game where others play for right now.Give value without any intention of capturing value now.Go first, be vulnerable, and share your story. This makes it safe for others to open up about themselves, knowing that you are open.Be digital where and when it makes sense, but be a real life human being in a face-to-face meeting or over the telephone faster than anyone else.Communicate with greater frequency, and plan those communications so that they are always valuable to the recipient.Have a presence by entering someone else’s world to prove that you care, and so you can gain a deeper understanding.Do something unexpected, something that isn’t required, and something with no intention of reciprocity. Do something just because.Remember the small details that others miss, and know that the little things are big things.Keep your commitments, large or small, and do so with great haste.Uncover issues, challenges, and problems outside of what you, your company, or your solutions solves, and make a difference.Do everything with greater consistency and commitment.Send thank you cards. Not emails.Listen. Listen. Listen. Listen. Listen.Care about someone else’s outcomes more than anyone else would dare.Value the relationship more than you value any single transaction.
You know enough right now to produce the results you want. If you aren’t producing those results, it’s your willingeness to execute.
Every day I open LinkedIn to find messages waiting for me. Invariably, these messages are from people who recently asked me to connect with them. Within milliseconds of my accepting their invitation, they have pasted the text of a pitch into their browser hit send.Connect and PitchThe messages are all the same, even when sent from different people, in different companies, selling different products and services. They begin by expressing their gratitude for the connection. Then they offer to help me with my business, it being rare that they know what my business is. A good many believe that I need B2B appointment-setters, help growing a coaching business, social media marketing support, translation services, or help developing applications for the web.Let’s set aside the fact that they have created no value for me, nor have they engaged me in such a way that I might be willing to explore doing something different during a conversation. The long description of their product and service offerings are not going to compel cold prospects to engage with them or schedule a meeting. Speaking of scheduling a meeting, almost all of these notes include a link where I can schedule myself on their busy calendar (just for fun, click on one of the links and you’ll get some idea as to how well this approach is working; you will have no trouble finding a time they are available to meet with you).Spray and Pray and SpamThe social selling crowd will tell you that one of the primary rules for effective use of the social tools is “don’t sell.” I tease them about calling something “social selling” when the first rule is “don’t sell.” Their advice here is sound, and it should be followed as if it is the first of the rules of effective use of LinkedIn (and other social tools).The approach that we might call “connect and pitch” isn’t a good or professional approach to selling. It also isn’t an effective way to sell, even though I have heard friends say it must work or they would stop doing it, which one might challenge by looking at how many salespeople and organizations do the same thing with email, mistakenly believing the efficiency of an email trumps the effectiveness of other approaches.Spamming people on LinkedIn, and that is what this approach amounts to, is not the best way to use the tools.Most of us on LinkedIn understand the power of a large network. With more connections, you can see deeper into the network. Even more important, more connections means me people can find you.As salespeople, we pay for the sins of salespeople in the past. The negative connotation around the word “sales” sticks, even though most salespeople wouldn’t know how to pressure someone to buy, nor would they try. The more people use the platform poorly, the less valuable it becomes.It may be time that we ask them to stop.
In the past, the word discovery was used to describe both a stage in the sales process as well as an outcome. Both the stage and the outcome described the process of asking clients to share their dissatisfaction with their results, their supplier, and their challenges. Discovery presupposed that the client was dissatisfied, and if you get them to share all the ways they were unhappy, you could share with them how you might help improve their results and their experience.Like any strategy or tactic, over time it can lose some of its effectiveness. You would be hard-pressed to identify all the many factors that have made what I will call “traditional discovery” less effective over time, as there are many.There is no doubt that many businesses now have fewer people who are being asked to do more with less; we are leaner.It’s also true that the purchasing function has gained both power and influence, with larger companies consolidating suppliers while also ensuring they have enough vendors to take care of their needs, and making traditional discovery more difficult.There is also a drive to achieve consensus before making significant changes, as well as a willingness to live with the status quo, the two of which may be more closely linked than we recognize.All of these factors, as well as the many more missing from this list, leads to more difficulty making a case to displace the status quo.If the idea of solution selling began with traditional discovery, modern consultative selling now starts with something that might be more accurately termed “Exploration,” if only to shift both the strategy and the outcome.The Difference in Discovery and ExplorationIn traditional discovery, the outcome is to ask questions that caused your prospective client to disclose their dissatisfaction, that dissatisfaction being necessary for you to create an opportunity. In Exploration, the idea of discovery is broadened to include different approaches and different outcomes, both of which require more business acumen, as well as more significant sales acumen.Exploration opens up several possibilities and a higher likelihood of creating a new opportunity by allowing for the Exploration of any known problems, challenges, or dissatisfaction while also creating a space to explore what is possible, the better results available to your dream client even if they are not presently dissatisfied. More still, the idea of exploring change moves past the idea that dissatisfaction by itself is enough to compel your prospect to change; if it were, your prospect would already be working on change.Exploration offers the ability to explore change when the client’s dissatisfaction may not rise to a level that yet compels change, allowing you to share the context that should cause the client to act.If you have wondered why you have had meetings with prospects who are dissatisfied, who need to do something different, and who still do nothing, it is because they are not yet compelled to change. This is why you have meetings with stakeholders who are happy to have discovery meetings with you and then go dark, which brings us to another shift worth exploring here.B2B Sales is a Game of Consensus-BuildingThe idea of traditional discovery, while still being valuable, tends to lose something when there are more stakeholders involved in decisions to change. Let’s say you found a stakeholder with a title and the responsibility for the very outcome you can improve. You have had a traditional discovery call, and this stakeholder has shared her dissatisfaction. You might believe you have an opportunity, but the fact that the four other people who would have to agree to change were absent from your conversations makes it unlikely.The idea of Exploration takes a different look at opportunity creation, starting with the idea that you are exploring change, a change that is going to require the support of multiple stakeholders.In The Lost Art of Closing: Winning the 10 Commitments That Drive Sales, I provided an outline of the commitments one generally needs to obtain along the path from target to close. In that book, and on LinkedIn, I made note of the fact that the sales process and the buying process are both nonlinear. It’s unlikely that a complex B2B sale progresses through stages without going back over ground already covered, and without some conversations that a traditional approach would have seen as needing to occur later in the linear process, we try to adhere to.No more pushy sales tactics. The Lost Art of Closing shows you how to proactively lead your customer and close your sales. You are likely now to find different stakeholders in different places along the continuum of “dissatisfied” or what Exploration might better describe as “compelled to change.” Exploration extends to exploring change and collaborating with more stakeholders to build consensus. It recognizes that the change you are asking—and helping—the client to make is organizational.Intentionality and ChangeIn one of my businesses, I started asking clients to provide me access to the stakeholders who were going to be affected by any decision to change as the next step in our rather linear process more than two decades ago. Just paying attention to their needs not only increased sales and improved our results, but it also increased the speed at which we won deals. We recognized that without allowing them to participate in Exploration, we not only wouldn’t have their support, we would also create resistance to their executing the solution (which sometimes boiled down to not placing orders).What was interesting about meeting with a lot more stakeholders, including end-users, was that there were always more people compelled to change that would have been left out of the conversation.Even though traditional discovery is valuable, approaching conversations as the Exploration of Change allows for a broader conversation about change and greater outcomes when it comes to creating new opportunities. Essential Reading! Get my 3rd book: Eat Their Lunch “The first ever playbook for B2B salespeople on how to win clients and customers who are already being serviced by your competition.” Buy Now
Jharkhand Chief Minister Raghubar Das on Sunday said his government would soon impose a ban on use of polythene bags in the State. In the next Cabinet meeting, the State government will take a decision to impose ban on use of polythene bags, the Chief Minister said after laying the laid foundation of Navjeevan Kust Ashram (Lepers colony) at Deonagar and the Chakulia Urban Water project.Choked drainsMr. Das said polythene bags were responsible for death of cows in many cases and choked drains and those found holding or using polythene bags would be jailed.“We would provide clothes to Mahila Sakhis Mandals to make bags”, he said, adding that the objective was to develop the State as “Clean Jharkhand, Green Jharkhand and Swach Jharkhand“.MoU signed Mr. Das was addressing the function soon after his government signed a MoU worth over ₹63 crore with Jamshedpur Utility Services Company (Jusco), a 100 per cent subsidiary of Tata Steel, for the two projects as well as for renovation and maintenance for the Birsanagar Bagunhatu Water Project under his Assembly constituency East Jamshedpur. Mr.Das said he was in politics not to betray anyone but to serve the people. Claiming that his government was an accountable government, he said his government had provided electricity to seven lakh households in the last two years while 23 lakh households in rural pockets would be electrified by March, 2019. Mr. Das claimed that not a single corruption charge was levelled against him or his government during the last two years Jharkhand Urban Development Minister C. P. Singh said work for implementing water projects in all municipal areas of the State has either started or about to be started.
Panaji: The Enforcement Directorate’s (ED) probe into the Louis Berger bribery scam led to 14 shell companies that were used as channels to transmit bribes worth crores of rupees from the US-based consultancy firm to Goa politicians and authorities via Louis Berger officials, ED sources said on Friday.On Thursday, the ED, which is investigating the case under Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA), 2002, had said that it had attached properties of Digambar Kamat and Churchill Alemao (former Chief Ministers of Goa and MLAs of the Congress and the Nationalist Congress Party), worth over ₹10 crore to ₹15 crore.Mr. Kamat, Mr. Alemao, and top Goa government officials, like Anand Wachasundar (retired), have been accused of allegedly accepting $976,630 in bribe in 2010 from officials of the firm who intended to secure implementation rights of a water and sewerage project worth ₹1,031 crore and funded by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA).Sources in the ED told The Hindu that detailed questions had been sent to the former senior vice president of the firm, in the form of a letter rogatory (LR). An ED official said, “A letter rogatory has been sent for further investigation against James McClung, who is presently imprisoned in the U.S.A.” A senior official added, “Louis Berger officials created these 14 shell companies through which money [amounting nearly] ₹4 crore was systematically laundered to pay off those indicted in the scam.”It was also revealed that a bribe of around ₹2 crore was initially agreed upon, but was later hiked to ₹4 crore after negotiations between local politicians and officials of the firm.The Goa Crime Branch, which began it’s probe in the case after filing an FIR over two years ago, had arrested some top officials linked to the project, senior Louis Berger employees, a hawala dealer, and Mr. Alemao, who are all presently out on bail.Mr. Kamat who has managed to escape arrest so far, has been charged with Section 120B (criminal conspiracy ), and Section 201 (tampering with evidence) of the Indian Penal Code, and other sections of the Prevention of Corruption Act. He has filed an anticipatory bail application in the Supreme Court.Mr. Kamat has been charge-sheeted as the prime conspirator, followed by Mr. Alemao and Mr. Wachasundar. The Crime Branch has also filed a supplementary charge-sheet in the case.On Friday, a senior Goa Crime Branch official said the ED filed a Enforcement Case Information Report and began a separate probe since the crime branch was not competent in probing the money laundering aspect.
There may have been more than two killers involved in the murder of veteran Communist leader and rationalist Govind Pansare, according to the supplementary charge sheet filed by the Special Investigation Team (SIT) probing the case.The information came to light on Thursday during a hearing on the bail application of the prime accused, Sanatan Sanstha activist Sameer Gaikwad, at the Kolhapur district and sessions court. “The charge sheet filed by the SIT quotes an eyewitness as saying two motorcycles were used in the murder, indicating were more than two people may have been involved,” Special Public Prosecutor Harshad Nimbalkar told The Hindu.Arguing against granting bail to Gaikwad, Mr. Nimbalkar said that there was direct evidence of an eyewitness and corroborative circumstantial evidence to link the Sanatan activist to the murder. “Besides, the extra-judicial confessions given by Sameer Gaikwad of his direct involvement in the murder are enough for the court to deny him bail.” Mr. Nimbalkar said there was also the possibility that Gaikwad would flee if granted bail.Bail rejected thriceHis bail pleas had already been rejected thrice in the past. Further hearing on his bail plea will continue on June 17.The veteran Communist leader and his wife Uma were shot outside their home in Kolhapur’s Sagar Mal locality on February 16, 2015. Pansare succumbed to his wounds four days later. Mr. Patwardhan told the court that the SIT’s first charge sheet held Sameer Gaikwad responsible, while the supplementary charge sheet filed after the arrest of Virendra Tawade named the fringe right wing activist as the mastermind.‘Failed to give evidence’Mr. Patwardhan argued that the probe agencies had failed to provide evidence of Gaikwad’s involvement in the murder.Tawade was first arrested for his alleged complicity in the 2013 murder in Pune of noted rationalist-thinker Narendra Dabholkar and was later grilled by the Kolhapur police for his involvement in Pansare’s murder.Gaikwad’s arrest, after he was picked up from Sangli in September 2015, was the first in the Pansare case.
A speeding van carrying 18 passengers rammed into a stationary truck on the National Highway 24 here early on Saturday morning, killing 12 people and injuring six others, the police said.Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath expressed grief at the deaths and directed the officials concerned to initiate steps for ensuring all possible help and proper treatment to the injured persons.The incident took place at Uchauliya when the overloaded van, on its way to Sitapur from Shahjahanpur, hit the truck from the rear near a roadside eatery, Superintendent of Police S. Channappa said.Nine people, including the van’s driver and the helper, died on the spot, he said.Three of the seven injured who were rushed to a hospital in Shahjahanpur succumbed to their injuries later, the police said.
Punjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh on Sunday ordered testing and monitoring of canal-based drinking water supply in the southern parts of the State to prevent the spread of contamination triggered by the spill of molasses into the Beas river. The Chief Minister issued directions to the Punjab Pollution Control Board and other departments concerned to undertake detailed testing of the water supplied to towns and villages in southern Punjab. He has asked the departments to constitute special teams for water quality testing and to take necessary steps to prevent drinking water contamination, said an official spokesperson.Death of fishMeanwhile, Punjab Environment Minister O.P. Soni said the situation in the Beas was being monitored after molasses spillover from a sugar mill located in Kiri Afghana near Beas town had caused the death of a large number of fish.“Officials of the Punjab Pollution Control Board and Irrigation Department, besides the Deputy Commissioner, are all continuously reviewing the situation and all canals will get fresh water up to the tail in the next 24 hours. Apart from this, people have been requested not to use water from these canals for drinking purposes,” said Mr. Soni.Mr. Soni added that to deal with the situation arising due to molasses spillover, around 2,000 cusecs of water from the Ranjit Sagar Dam has already been infused into the river Beas.Environment safetyAccusing the previous Akali Dal-BJP government of not being serious towards environment safety, Mr. Soni said: “Environmental issues were never take up seriously by the previous government, that is why there is no check on mills and factories which spill chemicals and other hazardous residues into canals and streams.”Mr. Soni said that whoever was responsible for the Beas incident would not be spared at any cost. “The Chaddha Sugar Mill, involved in the incident, has already been sealed and the security deposit of ₹25 lakh has also been confiscated. Instructions have been issued to officials of the Environment Department and the PPCB to take strict action against those industries which are contaminating rivers and streams,” he added. A large number of dead fish were found floating in the Beas a few days ago after molasses from the sugar factory leaked into the river. (With PTI inputs)
The wildlife wing of Odisha’s forest and Environment Department have recorded the presence of black panthers in a forest in Sundargarh district. The photographs make Odisha the ninth State in India where the elusive and rare big cat has been seen. “Black panther or melanistic leopard is a colour variant of the Indian leopard and the footage of this animal has been captured repeatedly by cameras installed in Garjanpahad Reserve Forest of Hemgir Range of Sundargarh Forest Division,” said Sandeep Tripathi, Odisha’s Chief Wildlife Warden, on Monday. It was the first ever footage of black panther in the forests of Odisha, he said.Camera traps were deployed under the guidance of Arun Kumar Mishra, Divisional Forest Officer of Sundargarh, and Bhakta Rath and Nimain Palei, researchers with the Chief Wildlife Warden since December 2015. The cameras was installed in 2015 after villagers and tribal people reported having seen the animal, the officer said.“The leopards’ skins vary in colour and the jet black melanistic form is called black panther. It is as shy as a normal leopard and very difficult to detect. It is mostly found in densely forested areas of southern India,” he said.The reserve forest where the footage of the black panther has been recorded is spread across the Hemgir and Gopalpur Range, covering an area of 5947.47 ha and 4090.65 ha respectively. Although the presence of black panther was reported 26 years ago, no scientific or pictorial records could establish the claim.Black panthers have also been reported from Kerala (Periyar Tiger Reserve), Karnataka (Bhadra Tiger Reserve, Dandeli-Anshi Tiger Reserve and Kabini Wildlife Sanctuary), Chhattisgarh (Achanakmar Tiger Reserve), Maharashtra (Satara), Goa (Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary), Tamil Nadu (Mudumalai Tiger Reserve), Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.
A private bus fell into a deep gorge in Uttarakhand’s Pauri district on Sunday morning, killing at least 48 people and injuring 10 others, the police said. The 28-seater bus was carrying 58 passengers.“The accident occurred near Gween village, close to Dhumakot, when the bus on way to Ramnagar fell into a 200-metre deep gorge killing 45 persons on the spot and leaving 13 injured,” Pauri SP Jagat Ram Joshi told PTI on the phone. The accident took place around 8.30 a.m., he said.Three more died of injuries later during the day at the PHC, Dhumakot, where the injured were rushed after rescue teams reached the spot, Mr. Joshi said.I have been told that 30 people have lost their lives in the bus accident near Nainidhanda in Pauri Garhwal district. SDRF & other agencies have been set to the spot to carry out rescue and relief operations: #Uttarakhand CM Trivendra Singh Rawat pic.twitter.com/Il7OP1yI2g— ANI (@ANI) July 1, 2018 Two critically injured were referred to Ramnagar while eight were under treatment at Dhumakot, the SP said.Though the exact cause of the accident was not yet known, the bus was carrying passengers much beyond its capacity, he said. According to an official, the seating capacity of the vehicle was 28.One of the possibilities is that the bus fell into the gorge when the driver was trying to negotiate a big waterlogged pothole in the middle of the road, Mr. Joshi said.The plunge was so forceful that the upper part of the bus separated exposing the seats in the lower part, the SP said.Bodies recoveredAll bodies were recovered and the injured rescued from the mangled remains of the vehicle, which rolled down into the gorge before crashing into a shallow stream, he said.Rescue operations were carried out by the police and SDRF personnel, he said.President Ram Nath Kovind and Prime Minister Narendra Modi offered their condolences. Chief Minister Trivendra Singh Rawat visited the accident site. He ordered a magisterial probe into the accident besides announcing a compensation of ₹2 lakh to the next of kin of those killed and ₹50,000 for the injured.Earlier, Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh spoke to Mr. Rawat on the phone and offered help in relief and rescue operations.
The Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) on Saturday welcomed the statement made by rival National Conference leader Farooq Abdullah in Parliament that talks should be held with Pakistan over the Kashmir issue.“The PDP welcomes Dr. Farooq’s change of heart and the party hopes that it wouldn’t be a mere poll gimmick. It is also high time the Centre utilised this consensus among the political groups for a peaceful resolution of the Kashmir issue. Creating political vacuum will not help in any way,” said PDP leader Naeem Akhtar.Holistic approachDr. Abdullah on Friday asked the Centre to start a dialogue with Pakistan over the Kashmir issue. “The Centre must take a holistic approach to address the decades-old conflict amicably and peacefully. Talks with Pakistan, Hurriyat and other stakeholders is needed and through this way only, the situation will get stabilised. It is a moral responsibility of the Centre to address the issue,” said Mr. Akhtar.Meanwhile, PDP president Mehbooba Mufti, in an interview to a news channel, claimed that “her party legislators were lured by the Centre with money and ministerial berths, and after they rejected it, they were being threatened with NIA investigations”.
Like in most towns of northeast India, dusk descends quickly in Gangtok. As shops start winding up, the only places that continue to buzz with activity are three casinos, located within 10 km of Sikkim’s capital city. Sherap Lepcha, general manager of Casino Mahjong, is busy overseeing the casino which, on a weekday evening, hosts over 150 guests. “We provide night life to Sikkim,” says Mr. Lepcha. But he feels that the infrastructure does not match the taxes.Mr. Lepcha explains that out of the entry fee of ₹3,500 for every visitor, ₹1,000 goes as tax to the State and ₹700 as GST. “We pay 28% GST and above that 30% income tax, but the nearest airport is almost 120 km away,” he says.T.J. Namgyal, a descendent of the Sikkim royal family, hops from one table to other at Casino Mahjong, a 7,000 sq.ft. facility with 15 gaming tables, in a five-star hotel near Ranipool. The 56-year-old says Sikkim is waiting for the airport at Pakyong. Not for Sikkim residents Tourists coming to the casinos do not like to travel four hours by road from Bagdogra airport in Bengal. The local Sikkimese cannot enter the casinos. In 2016, the State government amended the Sikkim Casinos (Control & Tax) Rules to ban residents from playing. Many see casinos as another manifestation of the huge attraction for lotteries in the State. The Sikkim State lottery has 24 draws a day. A.K. Ghatani, Information Minister, says, “We are waiting for a date from the Prime Minister for inauguration [of the airport].” Trial flights have been operated.
Senior Aam Aadmi Party leader H.S. Phoolka on Saturday said that he would resign as MLA from the Punjab Assembly if cases are not registered against former Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal and former Director General of Police Sumedh Singh Saini for their alleged role in the two incidents of police firing at Behbal Kalan and Kotkapura that had led to deaths and injuries in the wake of desecrations.“Cabinet Ministers Navjot Singh Sidhu, Sukhjinder Randhawa, Manpreet Singh Badal, Charanjit Singh Channi and Tript Rajinder Singh Bajwa should put pressure on the Congress-led government to get Parkash Singh Badal and Sumedh Singh Saini booked and then let the Special Investigation Team probe the entire matter. If they cannot do it then they should resign from their posts,” said Mr. Phoolka, adding that he would be the first to quit, if by September 15 Mr. Badal and Mr. Saini are not made accused in the police firing cases.The Justice (retd) Ranjit Singh Commission, probing the Kotkapura and Behbal Kalan police firing incident of 2015, which followed the Bargari sacrilege incident, in its report had said that Mr. Badal was “quite aware” of the situation.
The Odisha government, the Coast Guard, the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and the police on Tuesday decided to ensure better coordination to protect the endangered olive ridley turtles during the mass nesting.As mating has been noticed in the deep sea, the State government has decided to impose a ban on fishing by motorised vessels and trawlers from November 1. The ban will be enforced within 20 km from the areas along the coast where the turtles gather and their buffer zones, including the mouths of the Dhamara, Devi and Rusikulya rivers. Last year, 11.10 lakh turtles came for nesting. The committee for protection and conservation of the sea turtles, chaired by Chief Secretary Aditya Prasad Padhi, will set up a central monitoring unit at the office of the principal chief conservator of forests, wildlife. Berthing lots will be opened at Barunei, Gupti, Sasanapeta, Krushnapriyapur and Rajnagar for the safe custody of seized vessels. Sixty-two patrolling camp-sites will operate. Each camp will be given VHF communication devices and mobile phones. The Coast Guard, patrolling ships, camps and the marine police will share intelligence regularly. Policemen will patrol the areas. Soon after the nesting, the rookeries will be fenced.The DRDO’s missile test range and the Dhamara, Gopalpur and Paradip ports have been asked to follow black-out procedures. During the ban, the fishermen will be given support for livelihood under the Integrated Coastal Zone Management Project. The support assistance will be increased for each family from ₹5,000 to ₹7,500. The committee also approved a plan to set up a sea turtle research centre near the Ghati Central Nursery in the Khalikot forest range of Ganjam district.
Neandertals and modern Europeans had something in common: They were fatheads of the same ilk. A new genetic analysis reveals that our brawny cousins had a number of distinct genes involved in the buildup of certain types of fat in their brains and other tissues—a trait shared by today’s Europeans, but not Asians. Because two-thirds of our brains are built of fatty acids, or lipids, the differences in fat composition between Europeans and Asians might have functional consequences, perhaps in helping them adapt to colder climates or causing metabolic diseases.“This is the first time we have seen differences in lipid concentrations between populations,” says evolutionary biologist Philipp Khaitovich of the CAS-MPG Partner Institute for Computational Biology in Shanghai, China, and the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, lead author of the new study. “How our brains are built differently of lipids might be due to Neandertal DNA.”Ever since researchers at the Max Planck sequenced the genome of Neandertals, including a super high-quality genome of a Neandertal from the Altai Mountains of Siberia in December, researchers have been comparing Neandertal DNA with that of living people. Neandertals, who went extinct 30,000 years ago, interbred with modern humans at least once in the past 60,000 years, probably somewhere in the Middle East. Because the interbreeding happened after moderns left Africa, today’s Africans did not inherit any Neandertal DNA. But living Europeans and Asians have inherited a small amount—1% to 4% on average. So far, scientists have found that different populations of living humans have inherited the Neandertal version of genes that cause diabetes, lupus, and Crohn’s disease; alter immune function; and affect the function of the protein keratin in skin, nails, and hair.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)In the latest study, published online today in Nature Communications, Khaitovich and his international team analyzed the distribution of Neandertal gene variants in the genomes of 11 populations from Africa, Asia, and Europe. They found that Europeans inherited three times as many genes involved in lipid catabolism, the breakdown of fats to release energy, from Neandertals as did Asians. (As expected, Africans did not carry any of these Neandertal variants.) The difference in the number of Neandertal genes involved with lipid processing was “huge,” Khaitovich says. The study also offers another example of the lingering genetic legacy left in some people today by the extinct Neandertals.While the team doesn’t know the function of those Neandertal gene variants, it began to search for their influence by examining brain tissue from the prefrontal cortex of 14 adults of European, African, and Asian descent, as well as 14 chimpanzees. Although Khaitovich thinks that the Neandertal genes affect the composition of fat throughout the body, the researchers focused on brain tissue first because it contains so many fatty acids—and was available from a brain tissue bank. “There is no [body fat] tissue bank for different populations,” he says.The team found that Europeans had differences in the concentration of various fatty acids in the brain that were not found in Asians or chimpanzees, which suggests they had evolved recently. The Europeans also showed differences in the function of enzymes that are known to be involved with the metabolism of fat in the brain.Now the team is trying to figure out what the fatty acids do in the brain and how differences in their concentration might affect function. “We think it’s a very strong effect with very profound physiological changes,” Khaitovich says. “Otherwise, we wouldn’t see it in the brain tissue.”He suspects that these fatty acid genes were advantageous for modern humans and may have helped Neandertals and, later, Europeans adapt to colder environments. The gene variants may have boosted metabolism, perhaps helping Europeans and Neandertals break down fat more rapidly to get energy to survive in colder climates in northern Europe. The findings also show how one type of human could take an evolutionary shortcut and inherit an advantageous gene from another group through “introgression,” or interbreeding, rather than spend tens of thousands of years evolving a way to adapt to a new habitat themselves. Today, though, these fatty acids are also implicated in diseases that are part of the so-called “metabolic syndrome”—obesity, diabetes (through the metabolism of sugars), high blood pressure, and cardiovascular disease (through the metabolism of cholesterol and triglycerides), the authors say.“Clearly much more has to be done on the functionality of this, but it’s tempting to think it’s linked with some of the differences in sugar metabolism that have been picked up already,” writes paleoanthropologist Chris Stringer of the Natural History Museum in London, who is not a member of the team, in an e-mail. “Neandertals might have had adaptations to get through the stress of northern winters that moderns could pick up through introgression.”
Do you like to spend your days basking on the beach or relaxing in a tanning bed? You may think you do it for cosmetic reasons—that natural glow does look good on you—but new research suggests you might have another motive. Mice frequently exposed to ultraviolet (UV) light show symptoms of drug use and addiction, suggesting that every time you seek out the sun’s rays, you may just be looking for a high.“This is an idea that has been staring us in the face forever,” says Steven Feldman, a dermatologist at Wake Forest University in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, who has studied the psychological effects of tanning. “There’s been a sudden rise in skin cancers, and dermatologists have been cautioning patients about sun exposure,” he says. “Yet people aren’t cutting back on their time outdoors, and the whole industry of tanning beds has grown extraordinarily fast.”Skin cancer is indeed on the rise in the United States. Between 1992 and 2006, the number of treatment procedures for slow-growing nonmelanoma skin cancers increased by almost 77%. Society’s obsession with good looks and beach-bronze skin may be one factor, but prior research has shown that something else could be going on. Frequent tanners experience withdrawal symptoms when given a drug that overrides the effects of opioids, chemicals that can be naturally produced by the body and generate feelings of euphoria. Tanners can also tell the difference between beds emitting UV radiation and non-UV light, saying that they prefer UV beds, which make them feel more relaxed.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)Those factors led David Fisher, a physician and skin researcher at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School in Boston, to wonder, “Could there be something deeper that’s driving people—despite their knowledge and intent to be safe—to put themselves in harm’s way?”To find out, he and his colleagues gave mice a daily dose of UV light for 6 weeks; it was equivalent to what a light-skinned person would receive while lounging in the midday Florida sun for 20 to 30 minutes. The team then measured levels of β-endorphin, an opioid produced by the brain that’s responsible for feelings of pleasure, and analyzed the rodents’ tail positions and sensitivity to pain and temperature. The idea is that opioids cause animals to become less aware of discomfort. For instance, if they’re being poked with a pin or are sitting on a warm plate, they won’t quickly notice. Their tails, which are normally floppy, can also straighten out if they’re on opioid drugs, like morphine.The team’s findings, published online today in Cell, reveal significant elevations in endorphin levels—ranging from 30% to 50%—after mice got their daily hit of rays. The animals also demonstrated decreased touch and temperature sensitivity and walked with rigid, erect tails—all signs that the endorphins were producing opioidlike effects. On the other hand, control mice with no exposure to UV exhibited normal behavior, and a genetically engineered group that was unable to produce β-endorphins remained unaffected in the presence of UV rays.To verify that UV light was causing these effects, the researchers injected the mice with naloxone, “the drug that you give a person in the emergency room who has a heroin or opioid overdose,” Fisher says. It disrupts the endorphin process and blocks the reception of opioids, preventing the body from getting high. The researchers found that after a dose of the drug, the animals’ sensitivity and tail posture immediately went back to normal, and they underwent withdrawal symptoms, such as body shakes, chattering teeth, and paw tremors. Later, they even demonstrated a preference for cages where they had not experienced naloxone’s miserable effects, suggesting that the desire to avoid UV withdrawal can affect behavior and choices—a sign of addiction.“I thought it was quite elegant, a very nicely done study,” says Bryon Adinoff, a psychiatrist at the Veterans Affairs North Texas Health Care Center and the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas who studies drug and alcohol abuse. “But I don’t believe what they demonstrate says anything about addiction,” he says. “Addiction is when you start doctor shopping to get more, going on the streets to find some, and stealing to support your habit. They did not approach it from the perspective of how much will an animal seek out UV light.”Still, Adinoff thinks the study shows a pretty decisive link between UV radiation’s effect on the skin and how it spurs the production of chemicals that induce feelings of reward in humans and animals.The research team speculates that the rise in endorphins and the druglike effects evolved as a way to encourage mammals to seek out the sun, which spurs the body’s production of vitamin D. But with tanners possibly becoming addicted to the high—spending too much time in salons and outside—the risk of cancer increases, and the proclivity can become deadly.“I have nothing good to say about tanning salons,” Fisher says. “I think they’re addictive, they elevate your risks for skin cancer, and now there’s the concept that they cause a behavioral dependency—it’s the nicotine story all over again.”
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