An Annapolis Valley woman has had her sexual harassment complaint upheld by an independent human rights board of inquiry. Danielle Bennett of Kentville complained to the Nova Scotia Human Rights Commission in May 2004 that she was sexually harassed by her employer, Michael Tan, while working at Hau’s Family Restaurant. She accused Mr. Tan of fondling her. Ms. Bennett alleged that when she confronted him in front of his wife, Mr. Tan denied some of her allegations but acknowledged he had touched her inappropriately. Ms. Bennett claimed she was subjected to harassment by other staff at the restaurant after confronting Mr. Tan with his actions. In upholding the complaint, board chair Robert Stewart said he was “persuaded by the balance of probabilities that Michael Tan engaged in a course of conduct over the course of four years in relation to Danielle Bennett … which would constitute sexual harassment within the meaning of the [Nova Scotia Human Rights] Act.” The chair accepted Ms. Bennett’s claim of retaliation arising from the Tans’ request for repayment of a demand loan after the human rights complaint was filed, but did not accept that other allegations made by Ms. Bennett amounted to retaliation under the act. Both Mr. Tan and Hau’s Family Restaurant have been ordered to pay Ms. Bennett a total sum of $2,500 in general damages. The chair also ordered that the respondents, including Mr. Tan’s wife, Bonnie Tan, be subjected to monitoring for three years by the Nova Scotia Human Rights Commission to ensure their compliance with the Nova Scotia Human Rights Act. They must report the name and address information for all employees to the commission for this period and arrange for sensitivity training for themselves and their staff. The respondents must also report the fact and the reason that an employee has left their employ during the three-year period. A complaint is referred to an independent board of inquiry when the Nova Scotia Human Rights Commission believes a prima facie case of discrimination is made after an investigation by a human rights officer. The chief judge of the provincial court selects a board chair from a roster and the commissioners ratify the nomination. The decision on the complaint is then in the hands of the independent board. Evidence collected during investigation of a complaint is presented at the hearing by the commission’s legal counsel. The complainant and respondent can make submissions and question witnesses. The board chair then decides whether discrimination has occurred. All parties have a right to appeal decisions of boards of inquiry to the Nova Scotia Court of Appeal. A copy of the decision is available on the commission’s website at http://gov.ns.ca/humanrights/ .
NEW DELHI: The Bhim Army has threatened a mass movement against the Narendra Modi government if their top leaders, Chandrashekhar and Vinay Ratan, were not released immediately. Chandrashekhar and the other Bhim Army leaders were arrested on August 21 in Delhi while protesting against the demolition of the Sant Ravidas temple.The Bhim Army’s Bareilly unit in-charge, Ajay Pradhan, said that they would take to the streets across western Uttar Pradesh if their leaders were not released immediately and denied permission to reconstruct the temple. Agitated Bhim Army workers met the Additional District Magistrate (City), Mahendra Kumar Singh, and handed over a memorandum addressed to Uttar Pradesh CM Yogi Adityanath. Pradhan claimed that the Modi government was shielding behind the Supreme Court order and trying to hurt the image of their gods and goddesses. The latest move of demolishing the temple shows the Centre’s apathy towards the Dalit community, he added. Also Read – After eight years, businessman arrested for kidnap & murderThe DDA had demolished the temple at Tughlaqabad on August 10 following a Supreme Court order. A large group of Dalit activists then went on a rampage on August 21 and at least 80 cars were damaged during the ensuing melee. After the incident, the Delhi Police arrested more than 80 people, including Chandrashekhar. The apex court had stated that any attempt to politicize its order will be viewed as “contempt of court”. However, the matter has taken a political turn with various opposition parties voicing support for the protesters. West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on August 22 tweeted: “We are shocked that the Guru Ravidas temple in Delhi was demolished and understand his supporters’ anguish, as the Guru had himself visited and stayed there. We have great respect for Sant Ravidas. The shrine symbolizes the Dalits’ struggle for their rights and must be rebuilt.”
United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has again taken to the airwaves to deliver a personal appeal to the people of strife-riven Central African Republic (CAR) to lay down their weapons, come together, and end the spiralling bloodshed and inter-communal violence that has plagued the country for months on end.Secretary General Ban Ki-moon records a video message for the people of the Central African Republic Credit/Copyright: Mark Garten/United Nations“You are not alone. Many countries are working for peace,” the Secretary-General says in a video and audio message, informing the war-weary people of the CAR that he has appealed to the international community to do much more: to provide more troops and police to protect people; more aid to save lives.Video: Ban Ki-moon – Message to the People of the Central African RepublicMr. Ban delivered a similar message on 13 December and today’s broadcast comes on the heels of his briefing to the UN Security Council on Thursday at which he put forward a six-point initiative for addressing the country’s most urgent priorities and needs, including more troops and police, increased efforts for the peace process, support for the Government, funding for humanitarian assistance and accountability.The conflict in CAR erupted when mainly Muslim Séléka rebels launched attacks in December 2012 and has taken on increasingly sectarian overtones as mainly Christian militias known as anti-Balaka (anti-machete) have taken up arms.Thousands of people are believed to have been killed, and 2.2 million, about half the population, need humanitarian aid. The UN estimates that nearly half a million children are among the almost 1 million driven from their homes.In his message, which was recorded in French, English and Sango, the national language, the Secretary-General expresses his solidarity with the people and says: “I am also appealing to you, the people of the Central African Republic. End the bloodshed. Stop the killings. Lay down your weapons.”“Those committing violence are only dividing and destroying your beloved country. Muslims and Christians have built your country together. I know you will do so again,” says Mr. Ban.“I stand with you – and I pledge my full support for peace and reconciliation – justice and accountability – for all the people of the Central African Republic.”Source:United Nations
Three new Members of Parliament (MP) took oaths before Speaker Karu Jayasuriya today.Lakshman Seniviratne took oaths as an MP from the United People’s Freedom Alliance (UPFA), Palitha Thewaraperuma from the UNP and Bimal Ratnayake from the JVP.
In a report to the General Assembly released today, the JIU recommends that the Secretary-General study the feasibility of establishing a building/real estate fund to cover the costs of major repairs, renovation, upgrading and replacement of equipment. The fund could be financed through a mixture of sources, including annual contributions, budgetary surpluses and rental income. According to the report, the inspectors “believe that this is a viable long-term option which ensures the financial basis for preventive building management.”The inspectors also recommend that the UN “take measures aimed at full compliances of its buildings with the local building codes, with a view to ensuring safety, security and a sound working environment in the United Nations Headquarters.”
Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, left, walks with Emir of Kuwait Sheikh Sabah Al Ahmad Al Sabah, right, prior to their meeting in Kuwait City, Kuwait, Sunday, July, 23, 2017. Erdogan is in a two day tour in the Middle East, that already took him to Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and will also visit Qatar. (Presidency Press Service/Pool Photo via AP) Turkish leader wades into Qatar dispute with Gulf tour KUWAIT CITY – Turkey’s president waded into the diplomatic crisis gripping Qatar and four other Arab nations on Sunday, travelling to Saudi Arabia and Kuwait as part of a three-country Gulf tour aimed at helping break the impasse.Recep Tayyip Erdogan is the fifth high-level visitor from outside the Gulf to try to resolve the dispute since it erupted on June 5. The top diplomats of Britain, France, Germany and the United States have all been through already, underscoring the depth of concern the crisis is causing well beyond the region.Erdogan faces a tougher challenge in securing a breakthrough than Turkey’s NATO allies because of the increasingly warm ties, including the deployment of military forces, it has built with Qatar in recent years. While members of the anti-Qatar quartet have strong trade links with Turkey, its closeness to Qatar raises suspicions of its motives for them.Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Egypt and Bahrain cut ties and transport links with Qatar in early June, accusing it of supporting extremists. Qatar strongly denies the allegation and sees the dispute as politically motivated.The quartet insisted Qatar accept a tough 13-point list of demands to end the rift, including shutting down news outlets including Al-Jazeera, cutting ties with Islamist groups such as the Muslim Brotherhood, limiting ties with Iran and expelling Turkish troops stationed in the country. Qatar refused, arguing that the demands were an effort to undermine its sovereignty.Turkey and Qatar announced plans to open Turkey’s first military base in the Persian Gulf in 2015. The base opened last year and new troops have arrived since the Gulf rift erupted, raising fears of an escalation with the countries seeking to isolate it.Fellow Gulf country Kuwait has attempted to mediate the dispute, so far without success. Erdogan met with Kuwait’s emir, Sheikh Sabah Al Ahmed Al Sabah, upon arrival in the country Sunday evening.Erdogan began his trip earlier in the day in Saudi Arabia, the Gulf’s political and economic heavyweight. During his visit to the Red Sea city of Jeddah, he held talks with King Salman and his presumed heir, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.Brief statements of both meetings carried by the official Saudi Press Agency emphasized that the talks focused on ways to counter terrorism in addition to touching on bilateral and regional issues.Qatari Emir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani said in his first public comments on the dispute late Friday that Qatar is prepared to engage in dialogue, but that any resolution to the crisis must respect its sovereignty and that any terms cannot be dictated from outside. He also reiterated his country’s commitment to fighting terrorism.The anti-Qatar quartet has shown little sign of backing down.UAE Minister of State for Foreign Relations Anwar al-Gargash responded to the emir’s speech on Twitter saying that while dialogue is necessary, Qatar must review its policies because repeating its previous positions only “deepens the crisis.”Britain’s top diplomat welcomed the Qatari leader’s comments, however, and said his country will continue to work toward finding a solution.“We hope that in turn Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt and Bahrain respond by taking steps towards lifting the embargo. This will allow substantive discussions on remaining differences to begin,” British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson said in a statement Sunday.___Schreck reported from Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Abdullah al-Shihri in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, contributed to this report. by Hussain Al-Qatari And Adam Schreck, The Associated Press Posted Jul 23, 2017 8:59 am MDT Last Updated Jul 24, 2017 at 1:20 am MDT AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email
“Most of the survivors we have today were broken in their bodies and their souls”, Esther Mujawayo-Keiner told those gathered in the General Assembly Hall, to reflect on what UN chief António Guterres referred to as “one of the darkest chapters in recent human history”, which overwhelmingly targeted Tutsi, but also moderate Hutu and others who opposed the genocide. UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe | Esther Mujawayo-Keiner, survivor of the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda, shares her story during the International Day of Reflection, 2019. He pointed out that Rwanda has been among the top five UN peacekeeping contributors, explaining that his nation contributes soldiers and police, “with values instilled by our tragic history”.“As a nation once betrayed by the international community, we are determined to do our part to working with others to make things better going forward”, President Kagame concluded.For her part, Valentine Rugwabiza, Rwanda’s UN Ambassador, reflected on the time, 25 years ago, when “the world and the United Nations abandoned Rwanda”.She viewed the event underway in “this very house that let Rwanda down”, as a historic one and expressed gratitude that although her country had experienced “interrupted” peace and security, it is now on the solid foundation “of social cohesion”.No crime ‘like any other’“I was asked to provide a photo of my family”, said survivor Marcel Uwineza, a Jesuit priest. “I actually don’t have any”.He painted a picture of Hutus and Tutsis being pitted against each other, where “uncles turned against their nephews and nieces” and where his family “lost everything”.Reverend Uwineza underscored that the genocide “was born of racist policy rather than war”, as many claim.“We have to challenge the many deniers who use war as a means to minimize the gravity of the genocide, knowing that all lives matter, but a genocide is no crime like any other” he underlined.Speaking about the “joy of reconciliation”, the priest described meeting the man who killed his two brothers and sister, saying that he had initially thought he was going to be murdered as well. But instead, the man knelt before him and asked for forgiveness.“When finally I said ‘I forgive you’, I felt free”, Reverend Uwineza said. UN News/Elizabeth Scaffidi | UN Secretary-General António Guterres addresses the Commemoration of the International Day of Reflection on the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda in the General Assembly Hall, April 2019. Beware of ‘dangerous trends’“Today we stand in solidarity with the people of Rwanda”, Secretary-General Guterres told the gathering, calling on everyone present to acknowledge “dangerous trends of rising xenophobia, racism and intolerance” at work throughout the world today.Calling the current widespread proliferation of hate speech and incitement to violence “an affront to our values, which threatens “human rights, social stability and peace”, he saw them as the “dangerous trends” that were “clearly present in Rwanda immediately before the genocide”. “Today’s commemoration gives us an opportunity to once again raise our voices against racism, xenophobia and related intolerance, including social and ethnic discrimination, anti-Muslim hatred and anti-Semitism”, the UN chief asserted. “Wherever they occur, these evils should be identified, confronted and stopped to prevent them leading, as they have in the past, to hate crimes and genocide”.Mr. Guterres called on all political, religious and civil society leaders to“reject hate speech and discrimination”, and to root out the causes that “undermine social cohesion and create conditions for hatred and intolerance”.“Let us all pledge to work together to build a harmonious future for all people, everywhere” he said, calling it “the best way to honour those who lost their lives so tragically in Rwanda 25 years ago”.‘Enshrine’ past lessons for future generation“Tutsi were decimated”, General Assembly President María Fernanda Espinosa stated. Beginning on 7 April 1994, “those [who] opposed the genocide, including Hutus, were also targeted and killed”.Putting the bloodshed into perspective, she said that “an average of over 8,000 people a day, more than 30 in the time allocated to this ceremony” were slaughtered.“The international community watched in horror, but we did not prevent the atrocities”, lamented Ms. Espinosa, asking those gathered to “rekindle our efforts to realize our promise of ‘never again’” by investing in education “to enshrine the lessons” of the past, fight hate speech and “call out those who dehumanize others”.Rising from the ashesKeynote speaker Rwandan President Paul Kagame attested to his country’s fighting spirit, of how it went from darkness to hope, and called honour and prevention acts of remembrance.“We honour the victims. We honour the courage of the survivors, and we honour the manner in which the Rwandans have come together to rebuild our nation” he asserted.Citing “denial and trivialization” as the foundation of genocide, Mr. Kagame stressed that “countering denial is essential for breaking the cycle and preventing any recurrence”. UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe | Lighting candles during the commemoration of the International Day of Reflection on the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda. She recounted how the genocide took almost all of her immediate family, including her parents, most of her siblings and her husband. She thought she might be the last woman left standing, “because it was almost impossible to survive”.But slowly, she discovered there were other widows – a new kind of family – adding that the “widows clan” helped her to be “truly alive” and no longer “dead on the inside”, and together with other female survivors, she founded the widows’ association AVEGA.
Serbian line player, Milutin Dragicevic (29) will definitely leave THW Kiel just after one season at the Baltic Sea. As the best player of the Danish championship in the T-shirts of the BSV Silkeborg named “Hercules” because of his strength and power, Dragicevic came to THW Kiel on the four season contract basis, but he didn’t found himself in the team with the biggest ambitions.THW coach, Alfred Gislason announced that he wants “200 cm tall line player” and that he wasn’t in the club, when contract with Dragicevic was signed (time of Noka Serdarusic and Schwenker). Meanwhile, Dragicevic changed the diet regime, so he lost five kilos in the last 12 months. Dragicevic said that he was proud that he was part of the team, but he and his family will feel better in some other environment with less results pressure.Only but the big problem is that Dragicevic has three years contract with the team, which weight is about 900.000 Euro. Freedom is expensive as also team’s mistakes, so THW is trying to find another solution. German and Danish media wrote about exchange among THW Kiel and AG Copenhagen. A new Danish handball star, Rene Toft Hansen, who has signed contract with THW Kiel from 2012 has to come this summer to the “Zebras” while Dragicevic will become a member of the Danish champion, who has great ambition in the EHF Champions League next season.Is that true, we will find out in the next few days… handball transfersMilutin DragicevicRene Toft HansenTHW Kiel ← Previous Story Junior’s WC in Greece: Five teams with 100% after three games Next Story → EHF published Women’s Euro Cup seedings
The Slovakian club Tatran Presov donated a number of books on slovakian to the Croatian national library in Nasice. This donation is the start of one beautiful friendship and cooperation, as the idea was assisted by the home team – Nexe, with Vardar and Metalurg also joining the initiative in the future.This nice story was supported by Miroslav Chmeliar, the owner and president of Tatran, Miroslav Benciky, Tatran’s general manager, Hrvoje Simic, Deputy Mayor of Nasice, Silvija Sokic, the director of the Croatian city library in Nasice, Vjekoslav Mahlovic, spokesman of Nexe and Branka Baksa, vice-president of national minorities advisers in Croatia and secretary of the Slovak Union in Croatia.The books were given to the Nasice library by the owner and president of Tatran, Miroslav Chmeliar who said: “We know there is a minority Slovakin population living here. We want to have interaction with them and these books are reminder for them, so they know their origin, where they come from. It’s a big satisfaction that we were able to do it.”Donation included almost 200 books, with a spectrum of topics and contents. Tatran’s general manager explained how they collected the books: “We thought it would be a nice idea to collect the books for our cousins, people from Slovakia, outside their home town. Part of the books were donated by the people of Presov, the other part was donated by the county. Rest of it was donated by friends of the team. People were happy to give away books and to help. I believe it is a great thing to be able to give a book to a person from Slovakia on their mother tounge when they’re far away from home. The simbolism of this act is very nice”, said Benciky who emphasized the involvement of the SEHA – Gazprom League in the whole action. “Once again SEHA proved that it is a serious competition in Europe and that is not only focused on sport but makes connections with other parts of society. It is our honor to be a part of this competition, since it’s very beginnings. I hope that SEHA will gain even bigger support in the future. If there weren’t for SEHA, I don’t know if we would have pulled this off”, stated Benciky. The idea about this donation started two months ago, since Nasice has a large working population of Slovaks and Macedonians. That is why the head secretary of Nexe Vjekoslav Mahovlic wanted to take advantage of the good relationship the club has with Tatran, Vardar and Metalurg in a unique way. Mahlovic commended this cooperation through handball: “SEHA also helped a lot with this story, because if there weren’t for SEHA, who knows how often we would have met. Of course, handball in general as well. Sport was our guideline.”Nexe player Vedran Zrnic also commented this action: “I would like to applaud the slovakian book donation initiative, organized by Tatran Presov and our club Nexe, so that our library in Nasice gets more books. I think that’s great, it’s good that people read. Of course, athletes should read more, that’s important regarding the intellectual development and concentration. I think that’s very good for every sportsman. Read as much as you can.”source: SEHA GAZPROM League handball books ← Previous Story Dronninglund Cup 2018 – Tournament for everyone! Next Story → PSG Handball put Chambery on “0/6 mode”
The union’s Vice President for Welfare Denise McCarthy said that the USI wanted to ensure that “students’ health is at the forefront of any campaigns we run/support… we are not best served doing that in partnership with Drinkaware”.A booklet produced by USI and drinkaware.ie. (Image Credit: drinkaware.ie)Reacting to the USI statement, CEO of MEAS and drinkaware.ie Fionnuala Sheehan said her organisation “does not encourage anyone to drink”.“Indeed it advises there are circumstances where people should not drink alcohol,” she continued, “but we seek to address the realities of alcohol in Irish society as they have developed over time.”Research into the drinkaware.ie brand has shown that 85 per cent of over-18s are aware of the organisation, and that 90 per cent of people believe the brand should be used more widely, she noted.Read the full letter from the USI to MEAS here >Read: Why are people saying ‘Down with Arthur’s Day’? Encouraging students to drink responsibly is still an encouragement for students to drink- regardless of how it’s qualified. THE UNION OF Students in Ireland (USI) is to distance itself from drinkaware.ie, an organisation which promotes responsible drinking.The national students’ union had worked in partnership with the organisation, which is part of MEAS, to promote the responsible consumption of alcohol among students.However, they will now seek to develop an independent campaign while working with “other bodies not funded by a self-regulating drinks industry”.The proposal to the end the partnership was passed without objection at USI National Council earlier this month.In a statement, USI President Joe O’Connor said drinkaware.ie’s support for the Arthur’s Day festival raised concerns within the union regarding the body’s “credibility”.
THE IRFU HAS interviewed Ewen McKenzie and Jake White for the vacant position as head coach of the Ireland team, it has been reported.The pair are in the middle of a war-of-words ahead of Saturday’s Super Rugby derby meeting between their clubs, the Brumbies and the Queensland Reds, after former Springboks boss White branded the Reds “the dirtiest team in Australian rugby”.Two of the Southern Hemisphere’s most highly-regarded coaches, they are believed to be in the running to replace Declan Kidney along with Leinster’s Joe Schmidt and interim coach Les Kiss.And according to Sydney’s Daily Telegraph, both have taken part in video conferences with IRFU chiefs about the possibility of being handed the top job.Read the full story hereAussies want 1 of these 3 men to captain them against the LionsOpen thread: Who would you pick as the Lions front row?
Cholestérol : HDL et LDL quelle est la différence ?Avec son livre La vérité sur le cholestérol, le professeur Philippe Even a relancé le débat sur l’efficacité des statines et les risques liés à un cholestérol trop élevé, affirmant notamment que ce dernier n’est pas la cause des infarctus. Mais qu’est ce que réellement le cholestérol ? Et quelle différence existe t-il entre le “mauvais” et le “bon” ? Le cholestérol est un lipide qui joue un rôle essentiel dans les processus organiques. Il est ainsi présent dans la majorité de nos tissus, notamment le foie, où il joue un rôle dans la stabilité des membranes et sert aussi à fabriquer plusieurs hormones telles que le cortisol ou les oestrogènes. Le cholestérol est synthétisé (pour deux-tiers) dans les cellules du foie et de l’intestin notamment mais il est aussi apporté par l’alimentation (pour un tiers). Quelle que soit son origine, la molécule est transportée vers les tissus de l’organisme par l’intermédiaire du sang. Toutefois, le cholestérol n’étant pas soluble dans le sang, il ne peut voyager seul et a besoin de transporteur pour le conduire : les lipoprotéines dont il existe différents types. Ce sont les fameux HDL (High Density Lipoprotein), LDL (Low Density Lipoprotein) ainsi que VLDL (Very Low Density lipoprotein). Contrairement aux idées reçues, ces termes ne désignent donc pas le cholestérol lui-même mais les molécules qui servent à le transporter. L’association des deux donnent alors les appellations “cholestérol HDL” et “cholestérol LDL”. Pourquoi parle t-on alors de “mauvais” et de “bon” cholestérol ?Ceci fait en réalité référence aux rôles des transporteurs. Les HDL et LDL n’ont en effet pas le même objectif. Les HDL transportent le cholestérol des tissus organiques vers le foie où la molécule va être dégradée. Autrement dit, il aide à recycler le cholestérol “usé” et s’assure donc qu’il n’y en a pas trop dans l’organisme. C’est pourquoi on parle de “bon” cholestérol. Les LDL eux servent à conduire le cholestérol synthétisé ou reçu via l’alimentation vers les cellules de l’organisme. Or, s’il y a beaucoup de cholestérol ou que les LDL ne fonctionnent pas correctement, les complexes formés par ces molécules vont s’éterniser dans la circulation sanguine. D’où une augmentation du taux de cholestérol dans le sang qui peut aboutir à une accumulation de cette molécule voire la formation de dépôts dans les artères. Ceci peut conduire à l’apparition de plaques (d’athérome) capables de se charger peu à peu d’autres lipides pour finir par perturber la circulation sanguine. C’est pourquoi le LDL est synonyme de “mauvais cholestérol”.L’excès de cholestérol, un facteur de risque cardiovasculaire L’athérome est la cause dominante de la majorité des affections cardovasculaires. Depuis longtemps, l’excès de cholestérol (ou hypercholestérolémie) est ainsi accusé de favoriser les maladies de ce type ainsi que les attaques vasculaires cérébrales. Néanmoins, il est associé à d’autres facteurs de risque tels que le tabagisme, la consommation d’alcool, le diabète, l’absence d’activité physique, l’hypertension artérielle ainsi que le stress. À lire aussiMaladie de Charcot : symptômes, causes, traitement, où en est on ?Bien que certaines chercheurs démentissent le lien entre risque cardiovasculaire et hypercholestérolémie, le taux de cholestérol est un facteur étroitement surveillé et des traitements ont été mis au point pour agir en cas d’excès. Il s’agit essentiellement des statines dont le rôle est d’inhiber l’une des enzymes impliquées dans la synthèse du cholestérol. Ces molécules permettent ainsi de réduire la production et donc le taux de cholestérol dans le sang.Actuellement, quelque 5 millions de Français et 200 millions de personnes dans le monde sont sous traitement. Certains médecins estiment cependant que ces molécules sont trop utilisées et qu’elles font sous-estimer les autres facteurs de risque cardiovasculaires. D’ailleurs, si le cholestérol d’origine alimentaire ne représente qu’une part minoritaire du taux de cholestérol dans l’organisme, il est également conseillé pour lutter contre l’excès, de garder une alimentation équilibrée et limitée en graisses. Le 19 février 2013 à 13:05 • Maxime Lambert
Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp#Bahamas, March 13, 2018 – Nassau – Minister of Health the Hon. Dr. Duane Sands said the country’s healthcare system is faced with aged health facilities that were built in the 1980s and have experienced significant natural disasters, as many are close to the coast and vulnerable to environmental hazards.“We must continually repair to maintain services at our facilities.” Dr. Sands said during his Contribution to the Mid-term Budget Debate in the House of Assembly, Monday, March 12, 2018.He said the current outstanding projected infrastructure cost for improvement on community clinics approximates some $46,580,000.“I am pleased to report that the West End Community Clinic opened late last year.”Dr. Sands explained that this government administration came into office with the side opposite having promised the world in terms of repairs and refurbishment of the healthcare facilities throughout the archipelago.“We are unable to fund the proposed infrastructure improvements in our clinics as there was no money. Hence, we have had to put many infrastructural projects on hold as the staff work assiduously to ensure our people are cared for in a safe environment.”He said limited capital development work continues at healthcare institutions. By mid-April, the Corey Newbold Ward in the Princess Margaret Hospital (PMH) will be re-opened following a complete renovation programme to the 40-bed ward. This will reduce the protracted wait times for admissions and theatre services.The Health Minister said that plans are also underway for the redevelopment of the East Wing block of PMH to reduce the shortages of public ward beds and renovate/upgrade relevant areas for improved access and environments of care for public patients.Key public patient areas to be addressed are Eye Ward, Maternity Ward, Children’s Ward, and Male Surgical Wards. The consolidation, renovation and upgrade of all Private Services to one area of the hospital is also planned with a view to improving opportunities for revenue generation for the public health authority.He said, “I am very pleased to report that my Ministry has initiated an Emergency and Urgent Care Services project.“The overall goal of this important project is to improve my Ministry’s response to the critical needs of residents in New Providence for emergency and urgent care. This multifaceted project will, on the one end, address non-life threatening/urgent care treatment in the community clinics; and on the other end, focus on the Accident & Emergency Department to ensure true emergencies are better accommodated and managed for timely and quality care.”The urgent care component of this project will begin at the South Beach Health Centre and the Elizabeth Estates Clinic. The project seeks to improve workflows, policies and procedures, information management, customer service, staffing, and availability of services to the population.More specifically, the project will seek to decompress A&E Department and reduce wait times, overcrowding and upgrade the patient care environment.Dr. Sands said the renovation and upgrading of the A&E Department at PMH is specifically targeted with emphasis on decanting planning to minimise interruptions to essential services. It is anticipated that the phased renovation will span 12-14 months once initiated.The Health Minister said, “The Infrastructure Working Group continues to work to establish realistic timelines and budgets for each phase, inclusive of equipment and furniture needs. We are eagerly looking to fast-track the process to begin works within a three-month timeframe.”Plans for the Rand Memorial HospitalHe noted that at the Rand Memorial Hospital, funds have been identified to execute the upgrading and expansion of much needed clinical space.This will be achieved following the relocation of the Kitchen and Cafeteria to the property adjacent to the Rand Memorial (former Island Palm Hotel).A connecting corridor is being constructed between the two properties that will also accommodate physician offices, on-call rooms; and relocated Security and Telephone Services. Additionally, the General Practice and CNCD Clinics are being relocated to the IAT Building (a rented facility) located opposite the Rand Hospital.He said, “This additional clinical space affords the opportunity to extend the hours of operation for these services from 8:00 a.m. to midnight and institute a patient appointment system.“This ultimately will improve patient access, satisfaction and reduce wait times. This move will also afford the desired result of better responding to the critical needs in the Accident & Emergency Department at this hospital.”Plans for Sandilands Rehabilitation CentreDr. Sands said at Sandilands Rehabilitation Centre, renovation of the now vacant Child & Adolescent Ward to establish a new Forensic Psychiatry service is expected to meet the current and immediate future needs of this high-risk patient population.He said, “Historically, 90 per cent of forensic psychiatry patients are referred from the courts and the remaining 10 per cent are transferred from the Bahamas Correctional Services Department.“Presently, all patients are admitted to SRC’s New Eloise Penn Ward, resulting in severe overcrowding. In the outpatient setting, community forensic services are offered at the Community Counseling & Assessment Centre (CCAC) in a rather limited capacity.” Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Related Items:
“We continue to be proactive working with numerous law enforcement and a safe environment for our attendees,” said Peter Luuko, the executive chairman for BB&T.Attendees can also help combat possible threats by reporting suspicious behavior, according to officials.Copyright 2019 Sunbeam Television Corp. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed. MIAMI (WSVN) – In response to the terrorist attack in Manchester, officials at local venues said that security is and will remain a top priority.According to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, there is no information indicating a “specific credible threat involving music venues in the United States.”However, South Florida venues are still taking precautions since the region is expecting to present large concerts and sporting events in the summer.The next big event to hit South Florida with a crowd of 5,500 people is Frankie Valli and the Four Seasons at the Hard Rock Casino on Memorial Day weekend.“Hard Rock continues to operate at a heightened security alert. We’ve never decreased it,” said a spokesman for Hard Rock Live.Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens is also expecting to draw huge crowds throughout the summer by housing musical acts like U2 in June and sporting events like El Clasico, an international soccer match between Barcelona and Madrid, in late July.Another large event will be at the BB&T Center in Sunrise, which will host WWE’s Summer Slam Tour in June.
A block party in Big Lake on Saturday drew happy crowds, but there was an underlying somber theme to the event. The day was dedicated to those firefighters, and community residents, who faced the “Big One”.. the Miller’s Reach blaze of twenty years ago.Download AudioA bronze plaque set into a boulder in front of the West Lakes fire house in Big Lake recognizes the firefighters and community residents who helped fight the Miller’s Reach fire twenty years ago. (Photo by Ellen Lockyer, Alaska Public Media – Anchorage)Kids, dogs and adults roamed amid the balloons munching free hot dogs in a typical small town festival setting. Blustery winds and overcast skies did little to dampen their enthusiasm as they admired the fleet of shiny red or yellow fire trucks lined up in front of the West Lakes fire station in Big Lake. Music filtered through the air, as red, white and blue bunting fluttered in the breeze. But the theme of the event: wildfire safety, could not have been more serious — commemoration of the firefighters who corralled the Miller’s Reach fire and brought it to a halt.Mark Bertels was the initial incident commander on Miller’s Reach twenty years ago.“It spread three miles in the first twenty minutes.” Bertels said. “Flame heights were over 200 feet, with random secondary combustion of fire generated gases above the moving fire, pushed by 50 mph winds creating dozens of spot fires ahead its path. Hot embers were carried all the way across Cook Inlet landing at the Anchorage port. They had to close the docks down.”Bertels was among a number of speakers who were on-scene in June of 1996, when the inferno gave many Big Lake residents only moments to evacuate.Zach Katzenberger, second from left, a fireman with the West Lakes fire department, exhibits a correct burn barrel setup to onlookers at Big Lake’s fire safety event on Saturday. (Photo by Ellen Lockyer, Alaska Public Media – Anchorage)Bill Gamble, now Matanuska Susitna Borough emergency services director, was on the fire line in June of 1996, too.“I remember standing on Beaver Lake road the first night, and watching a 200 foot wall of flame cross the road and almost take out a couple of fire trucks and ten firefighters,” Gamble said. “That was probably the most harrowing moment for me during the whole Miller’s Reach event. I thought for a moment my crew was going to perish on Beaver Lake Road.”Old time firemen told stories of that day, when the fire raced from near Houston, through parts of Big Lake to threaten Knik Goose Bay road near Wasilla.But a lot has changed in two decades, and the devastating fire taught fire managers a lot. Norm McDonald, who helped fight the fire and is now a state fire manager, says Miller’s Reach was unprecedented, and underscored the weaknesses in fire fighting capability at the time.“And probably more importantly, we work with the Borough very closely So we have a very strong team,” McDonald said. “The teamwork we have with these guys is a lot further ahead that it was in ’96, and every year it gets stronger. We had the Sockeye fire last year, and we lost a lot of homes, it was devastating for a lot of people, but I look at our response, and the way we responded to that as a team, compared to ’96 when we had to figure out how to work together, is night and day.”Kathy Kraemer lost her home to the Miller’s Reach fire, and now works to educate people about defensible space through the Firewise program. Kraemer organized Saturday’s event, and unveiled a new plaque in front of the West Lakes fire station.“This is a dedication to the entire community of Big Lake, for being resilient and coming back strong,” Kraemer said. “So this is for Big Lake. And the statement we came up with, is, ‘Most of all, we saw the best of people.”Dedicating the plaque was the centerpiece of Saturday’s event. The Miller’s Reach fire was the first major urban interface wildfire fought in Alaska. It laid waste to 37,000 acres and destroyed 454 structures, most of them homes. It was thought to have been caused by fireworks.
Donlin Gold expects to get most of its major state and federal permits this year.Canadian company Barrick Gold is the biggest gold mining company in the world. A proposed merger with another large gold mining company in South Africa would make it even bigger. Barrick Gold also wants to build one of the world’s largest gold mines, the Donlin gold mine, in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, and this merger could have future implications for the project.Listen now“For Barrick and Randgold, it’s an opportunity to bring together a collection of assets that will create the world’s largest portfolio of what we call tier-one gold mines,” said Andrew Lloyd, vice president of Barrick Gold’s communications.Tier-one gold mines produce a lot of gold, have long lives and low costs. Donlin Mine could be one such mine, if developed.Barrick owns 50 percent of Donlin Gold, the company developing the mine. Another Canadian company, NovaGold, owns the rest.The Donlin mine would be a massive, open-pit mine. If completed, Donlin would be in the top 10 percent for gold mines in the world because of its deposit size and production. That makes it a very valuable asset for Barrick.“There are very few gold deposits of that size and scale in the world anywhere so I think you have to look at that and say there’s a lot of value there,” Lloyd said.But it’s located in one of the most remote regions in Alaska, and consequently, Donlin needs to build a lot of infrastructure such as roads, a long gas pipeline, a power plant and a port. And that comes with a hefty price tag: $6.7 billion, according to its 2011 feasibility study.Currently, Barrick and its partner NovaGold are trying to crunch the numbers again to see if the Donlin Mine is worth that kind of investment.In 2011, the feasibility study said Donlin might be too expensive for Barrick to develop based on the market prices at that time and the company’s internal rate of return, which is essentially a calculation of the costs to produce the gold.However, Lloyd pointed out that gold mining is a cyclical business.“Gold prices rise and fall over time, sometimes dramatically, so when you are making an investment decision that might span decades, you want to be sure that operation will be sustainable over the life of the mine,” Lloyd said.Donlin has been moving through the permitting process after receiving its Environmental Impact Statement from the Army Corps of Engineers in April. Donlin also received many of its most important permits from federal and state agencies this year.So Barrick and its partner Novagold can start planning an updated feasibility study. That study will be one of the final steps before the companies decide to build the mine. However, the owners are currently working on a series of optimization studies to be completed at the end of this year before they embark on the feasibility study.Donlin isn’t the only big project in Barrick’s portfolio. Lloyd said that Donlin is comparable to two of their proposed mining projects in Chile: Pascua-Lama ($8 to 8.5 billion in 2012) and Norte Abierto ($6 billion in 2011).Lloyd says Barrick decided to halt developing Pascua-Lama earlier this year because of costs — and environmental concerns. Reuters reports that a Chilean court ordered Barrick to cease development because of those issues — and fined the company $11.5 million.However, Lloyd says the company is re-evaluating Norte Abierto. And he says Barrick is serious about developing Donlin.“The challenge is cracking the nut to develop in a way that will work for all parties so again that’s what the owners are very much focused on and I would say, taking it very seriously,” Lloyd said.Right now, Barrick is focusing on completing its merger and its current mining operations. Lloyd says doing that will help them find more cash that could help them invest in their proposed projects, like the Donlin Mine — if it moves forward.
The attack launched by Yemen’s Houthi movement killed one person and wounded 21.ReutersYemen’s Houthi movement launched an attack on Abha civilian airport in southern Saudi Arabia on Sunday that killed one person and wounded 21 others, the Saudi-led coalition battling the group in Yemen said.US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo arrived in Saudi Arabia on Monday to conduct talks on creating a global coalition against Iran along with United Arab Emirates. The US-Iran tensions peaked after US blamed Iran for the oil tanker attacks in the Gulf of Oman region earlier this month.Houthi-run Al-Masirah TV earlier said that the Iran-aligned movement had targeted Abha and Jizan airports in the south of the kingdom with drones attacks.”A terrorist attack by the Iran-backed Houthi militia targeted Abha airport, killing a Syrian resident and wounding 21 civilians,” the coalition said in a statement carried on Saudi state television.It did not confirm an attack on Jizan airport.Saudi-owned Al Arabiya TV said a suspected drone hit the parking lot in Abha airport, which is about 200 km (125 miles) north of the Yemen border and serves domestic and regional routes.Saudi state TV said flights had resumed at the airport, where operations were now running normally.Earlier this month, a Houthi missile hit Abha airport in a strike that wounded 26 people. The Western-backed Sunni Muslim coalition led by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates intervened in Yemen in 2015 to try to restore the internationally recognised government that was ousted from power in Sanaa by the Houthis in late 2014.The Iran-aligned Houthis have stepped up missile and drone attacks on Saudi cities in the past month amid rising tension between Iran and Gulf Arab states allied to the United States.Riyadh has accused Iran of supplying the Houthis with the weapon used in the June 13 attack on Abha airport. Tehran and the Houthis deny coalition charges that Iran supplies the Houthis with missiles and drones.”DESTABILIZING ACTIVITY” The Saudi-led military coalition has targeted Houthi military sites around the capital Sanaa and Hodeidah port city.Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Britain and the United States, in a joint statement published by the Saudi Embassy in Washington on Sunday, voiced concern about the escalation in Houthi attacks – without any mention of the latest drone launches.The quartet also voiced concern about “dangers posed by Iranian destabilizing activity” to peace and security both in Yemen and the broader region, citing attacks on oil tankers in Gulf waters.Tehran has denied involvement in the tanker attacks, which no one has claimed responsibility for.The escalation in violence threatens a UN-sponsored deal for a ceasefire and troop withdrawal from Hodeidah, which became the focus of the war last year when the coalition tried to seize the port, the Houthis’ main supply line and a lifeline for millions of Yemenis.The quartet’s statement called on all Yemeni parties to engage constructively with U.N. special envoy Martin Griffiths to accelerate the implementation of the agreement.The deal, reached peace talks in Sweden last December, had stalled for months before the Houthis unilaterally withdrew from three Red Sea ports in Hodeidah. The Saudi-led alliance has yet to verify the redeployment or meet it by pulling back pro-coalition troops massed on the outskirts of Hodeidah.
Sugar Free Kids Maryland will be proposing legislation on May 21 at the Baltimore City Council. This will be an informational hearing to explain how sugary drinks are the prime culprit in diseases such as childhood obesity and teen diabetes, while telling the Council how our coalition is advocating for healthier drinking habits for the children of Baltimore and the entire state of Maryland. Several Sugar Free Kids representatives and partners, including Baltimore City Health Commissioner Dr. Leana S. Wen, will provide testimony in front of the Council. Each will discuss the dangers of sugary drinks, which contribute more calories and sugar to our children’s diet than any other single source. Sugar Free Kids Maryland is excited about bringing its initiatives to the Baltimore City Council. Call 443.766.1228, for more information.
Setting up a Windows / Linux Mint Dual Boot using MBR by Mike Turcotte-McCusker on February 22, 2017 in Linux – Last Update: January 04, 2018 – 23 commentsWindows is the reigning champion when it comes to operating system share percentages according to NetMarketShare.However, as the world is learning more and more, day by day, there are other alternatives out there; the main two being Apples Mac OS X, and GNU/Linux.However, not everyone is ready to entirely dedicate themselves or their machines to making the switch to GNU/Linux, and so that leaves some people in a pickle of trying to decide what to do. Thankfully, there is a very easy solution: Dual-Booting!How to dual boot Windows and LinuxA dual-boot system is exactly what it sounds like, two different Operating Systems running on the same machine, be it on the same hard drive or separate, usually with a bootloader such as GRUB to handle helping the user select which OS they want to boot into when they turn their machine on.It sounds like it’s complicated, but in the world of GNU/Linux today, it’s actually a very simple task, and for the average user it could be done in an hour or less. So, today we will be talking about how to set up a dual-boot with Windows and Linux Mint 18.1 ‘Serena’ Cinnamon Edition!Things you’ll want for this are:A USB Flash drive of at least 4GBAn active Internet connectionAt least 20GB free spacePREPARING FOR THE INSTALLATIONNOTE: This tutorial assumes you are currently running Windows as your primary OS, and you wish to install Linux Mint onto the same Hard Drive that your Windows system is running on.If you are currently running a GNU/Linux system, and wish to Dual-Boot with Windows on a single drive, you have two main choices:Reformat the entire system with Windows and then follow this tutorial, or you will need to make separate partitions using something like Gparted and then install Windows, followed by re-installing the GRUB bootloader as Windows will overwrite the boot sector with it’s own Master Boot Record, essentially trapping your GNU/Linux partition as invisible and unbootable until you re-install GRUB.We will cover doing a tutorial like that in the future, as well as doing a multi-disk boot setup with separate Operating Systems on separate drives. Note EndAttention: we recommend that you create a system backup before you proceed. While the method outlined below works really well and should not cause any issues, it is better to be safe than sorry. A backup ensures that you can restore the system if things go wrong during the process (power outage, data corruption, PC won’t boot anymore, you name it). You can use Veeam Endpoint Backup Free for that, or any other backup software that supports full backups.The first thing you are going to want to do is download our Linux Mint ISO by navigating to https://www.linuxmint.com/Click on ‘Download’, and then select your flavour of choice; for this article I selected ‘Cinnamon’ and of course 64bit since my laptop supports it, as anything made in at least the past decade will as well.From here you will be given a list of download locations, as well as the option to download your ISO via Torrent, select the download of your hearts desire, and we will be on our way to the next step!Another piece of software you’re going to want is Rufus, a tool for making our ISO bootable off a USB stick, so head over to https://rufus.akeo.ie/ and grab the portable version of rufus.Once you have both the ISO And Rufus, we will be using Rufus to make the LiveUSB. Open Rufus, and you’ll want to leave most options as their default, with the exception of one thing:If you intend to use a drive over 2TB in size, or your windows system is currently setup to use GPT rather than MBR, then you will want to select “GPT” in the first drop down boxHow do I know if my system is using GPT or MBR?Checking if your system is currently set up as MBR or as GPT is a simple process in Windows; simply visit your control panel, and select “Administrative Tools”Then select “Computer Management”And then continue to “Disk Management” where you will locate your Windows drive, and right click the grey box where the disk number is listed, and select ‘Properties’.From there, click the Volumes tab, and it will list the partition style!My laptop uses the MBR style, and thus this tutorial will be focusing on that, however using GPT is really quite similar in regards to installing Linux Mint, and I will write up a detailed guide in the near future focusing on GPT for those of you who are using GPT partition tables.Moving forward, besides selecting either MBR or GPT, the rest of the settings in Rufus should be left as default, and then it is time to select our Linux Mint ISO by clicking the small disc icon, and then picking the ISO file.Once that is done, click Start! You may get a popup window next mentioning something about Syslinux versions and how Rufus will need to download two files; the short version of this is that Rufus needs to download two small files to support this latest version of Linux Mint; click yes to allow Rufus to download the files needed, and then another box will pop up asking which mode you wish to use to write the image file to the USB, leave the recommended option selected and click ‘OK’.Lastly a window will pop up notifying you that everything on the USB is about to be destroyed in order to write the ISO to the USB Drive; so if you have anything crucial on this USB Stick you will want to back it up before proceeding, otherwise once again click ‘OK’ and let Rufus work its magic; once it’s done, it’s time to boot into our LiveUSB.Depending on your BIOS/UEFI the hotkey to press to get to your boot menu will vary, it could be DEL, F1, F8, F12 etc, so when you reboot your machine keep a lookout for the text letting you know, and hit that button, then select your USB stick as the device to boot from, and you’ll reach the Linux Mint splash screen.Either let the time run down, or select ‘Start Linux Mint’ to be taken to the LiveUSB Desktop. Feel free to click around and explore if you wish, and when you are ready, select “Install Linux Mint” from the Desktop and we will start the installation process.INSTALLING LINUX MINTThe first thing that we need to do is to make sure your language of choice is selected on the left side of the window that will pop up, and then select Continue.The following screen is going to have a checkbox that says “Install third party software for graphics and Wi-Fi hardware,Flash,MP3 and other media,” you have two choices here: Select the box and have things installed for you automatically, or don’t.Most people are going to select this box, however there are some people who switch to GNU/Linux in order to avoid proprietary software altogether, and they may not wish to have closed-source software or plugins/codecs installed onto their machine; if this sounds like you, leave it unchecked, regardless when you have made your decision you’ll want to click Continue.The next screen for the purpose of this tutorial will be very easy to navigate. You’re going to get multiple options available to you, such as erasing the entire disk and installing Linux Mint, Installing Linux Mint alongside your current system, encrypting Linux Mint, using LVM or doing your own partition setup. We are going to select, “Install Linux Mint alongside Windows”.Next we are given a screen that shows what the Linux Mint installer wishes to do in terms of partition sizing, by way of showing bars to represent the partitions. You can slide the bars to adjust the sizing of things be it increasing the Linux Mint Partitions and decreasing the Windows partitions or vice-versa, by clicking and dragging the dotted line back and forth. Once you have figured out how you want to size things, you’ll want to click ‘Continue’. I recommend giving Linux Mint a bare minimum of 20GB space.The installer will then pop up a box or two letting you know that the changes need to be written before installation can proceed.NOTE: This is your last chance to back out before the resizing takes place, so if you aren’t sure you want to proceed, this is the time to cancel. If you are ready to continue, click away to do so, and the installation will start.The next screens are all pretty straightforward as well. First you’ll be asked to choose your location either by clicking on the map, or typing your location in. This is for your locale and your timezone settings.Next, we are asked to choose our language and keyboard layout….For most, leaving this as is, is what we want.And then we are taken to a screen asking for our details. Username, password, name etc. You absolutely MUST set a password here, regardless of whether you choose to require a password to login or not. I also highly recommend you choose to encrypt your Home folder; it will have a next to zero performance hit, but will increase the security of your system, should your machine ever fall into an adversaries hands.Once that is done, you’ll be presented with a nice slideshow showcasing some of the features of Linux Mint Cinnamon Edition.Simply let the installer continue until it is done, and when all is finished you will be presented with a box asking if you wish to reboot into your new system or not.Click reboot!When your machine starts back up, you will be presented the the GRUB bootloader screen, which will enable you to choose whether you want to boot into Windows or Linux Mint. Select the OS of your desire with your arrow keys, press enter, and enjoy!More details about Linux Mint 18.1 Cinnamon can be found here, as well as some links about what to do after your installation in terms of setting things up!https://www.linuxmint.com/documentation/user-guide/Cinnamon/english_18.0.pdfhttps://sites.google.com/site/easylinuxtipsproject/mint-cinnamon-firsthttp://www.ubuntubuzz.com/2016/12/what-to-do-after-installing-linux-mint-18-1-serena-cinnamon-edition.htmlSummaryArticle NameSetting up a Windows / Linux Mint Dual Boot using MBRDescriptionThis guide provides you with detailed instructions on installing a Microsoft Windows and Linux Mint dual boot system using MBRAuthor Mike TurcottePublisher Ghacks Technology NewsLogo Advertisement
News | Artificial Intelligence | August 13, 2019 Artificial Intelligence Could Yield More Accurate Breast Cancer Diagnoses University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) researchers have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) system that… read more Brain networks from nine people were analyzed to generate the heat map above, which shows the areas that change the most (red) to the least (green), from person to person. A new study shows that individual brain networks are remarkably stable from day to day and while undertaking different tasks, suggesting that finding differences between individuals could help diagnose brain disorders or diseases. Image courtesy of Caterina Gratton.April 27, 2018 — There are no laboratory tests to diagnose migraines, depression, bipolar disorder and many other ailments of the brain. Doctors typically gauge such illnesses based on self-reported symptoms and behavior. Now, a new study shows that a kind of brain scan called functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging (fcMRI), which shows how brain regions interact, can reliably detect fundamental differences in how individual brains are wired. As such, the technique potentially could be used to distinguish healthy people from people with brain diseases or disorders, and provide insight into variations in cognitive ability and personality traits.The findings were published April 18 in Neuron.”This is a step toward realizing the clinical promise of functional connectivity MRI,” said senior author Steven Petersen, Ph.D., the James S. McDonnell Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience in Neurology and a professor of neurosurgery, of biomedical engineering, of psychological and brain sciences, and of radiology. “Before we can develop diagnostic tests based on fcMRI, we need to know what it is actually measuring. We show here that it’s not measuring what you’re thinking, but how your brain is organized. That opens the door to an entire new field of clinical testing.”Petersen, postdoctoral researcher and first author Caterina Gratton, Ph.D., and colleagues analyzed a set of data collected by the Midnight Scan Club, a group of Washington University scientists who took turns undergoing myriad scans in an MRI machine late at night, when the demand for such machines and, consequently, the usage fees tend to be low.The researchers analyzed data from more than 10 hours of fcMRI scans on each of nine people, collected in 10 separate one-hour sessions for each person. During the scans, each person performed tasks related to vision, memory, reading or motor skills, or rested quietly.Functional MRI scans generate a dynamic map of the outer surface of the brain, showing changing hot spots of activity over time. To create a functional connectivity map, Gratton divided the brain’s surface into 333 regions and identified areas that became active and inactive in unison. She then constructed brain network maps for each individual, showing patterns of correlation between parts of the brain.The sheer quantity of data available on each person allowed her to analyze how much an individual’s brain networks changed from day to day and with different mental tasks.The answer? Not much.”Brain networks captured by fcMRI are really about the individual,” Gratton said. “Whether someone’s watching a movie or thinking about her breakfast or moving her hands makes only a small difference. You can still identify that individual by her brain networks with a glance.”The consistency of the fcMRI scans makes them a promising diagnostic tool. Although the technique’s potential to identify brain disorders and diseases was noted years ago, fcMRI-based diagnostic tests have yet to make their way into doctors’ offices. Progress has been stymied by confusion over whether the scans reflect fundamental, stable features of the brain, or if they change with every passing thought.Further, the researchers found that the technique was powerful enough to distinguish people who were extraordinarily alike. All of the scanned brains belonged to young, healthy scientists and doctors.”We need more data before we can know what is normal variation in the population at large,” Gratton said. “But the individual differences were really easy to pick up, even in a population that is really very similar. It’s exciting to think that these individual differences may be related to personality, cognitive ability, or psychiatric or neurological disease. Thanks to this work, we know we have a reliable tool to study these possibilities.”For more information: www.cell.com/neuron Technology | Interventional Radiology | August 16, 2019 Profound Medical Receives U.S. FDA 510(k) Clearance for Tulsa-Pro Profound Medical Corp. announced it has received 510(k) clearance from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to… read more News | Brachytherapy Systems | August 14, 2019 Efficacy of Isoray’s Cesium Blu Showcased in Recent Studies August 14, 2019 — Isoray announced a trio of studies recently reported at scientific meetings and published in medica read more News | Pediatric Imaging | August 14, 2019 Ultrasound Guidance Improves First-attempt Success in IV Access in Children August 14, 2019 – Children’s veins read more Images of regions of interest (colored lines) in the white matter skeleton representation. Data from left and right anterior thalamic radiation (ATR) were averaged. Image courtesy of C. Bouziane et al. News | Stroke | August 16, 2019 Mobile Stroke Unit Gets Patients Quicker Treatment Than Traditional Ambulance Every second counts for stroke patients, as studies show they can lose up to 27 million brain cells per minute…. read more FacebookTwitterLinkedInPrint分享 News | Neuro Imaging | August 16, 2019 ADHD Medication May Affect Brain Development in Children A drug used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) appears to affect development of the brain’s… read more News | Neuro Imaging | April 27, 2018 Brain Scans May Help Diagnose Neurological, Psychiatric Disorders Study shows that brain networks reliably track individuals over time Image courtesy of UTHealth McGovern Medical School Technology | Neuro Imaging | August 07, 2019 Synaptive Medical Launches Modus Plan With Automated Tractography Segmentation Synaptive Medical announced the U.S. launch and availability of Modus Plan featuring BrightMatter AutoSeg. This release… read more News | Mammography | August 14, 2019 Imago Systems Announces Collaboration With Mayo Clinic for Breast Imaging Image visualization company Imago Systems announced it has signed a know-how license with Mayo Clinic. The multi-year… read more Related Content Image courtesy of Imago Systems News | Cardiovascular Ultrasound | August 07, 2019 Contrast Use in First Transthoracic Echocardiogram for Heart Failure Reduces Repeat Testing Heart failure is the fourth most common cause for all admission to U.S. hospitals, and it is the most common reason for… read more News | Radiation Therapy | August 15, 2019 First Patient Enrolled in World’s Largest Brain Cancer Clinical Trial Henry Ford Cancer Institute is first-in-the-world to enroll a glioblastoma patient in the GBM AGILE Trial (Adaptive… read more